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Marcos Zafiropoulos Bibliography

WORLD BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOANALYSIS IN ENGLISH

Some references are completed with a summary
Books, underlined
Articles, in italics

Abse, S. (2005) Couple Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy The Psychotherapist 27 Summer 9-10
Susanna Abse writes about couple psychotherapy, relationship counselling and psychosexual therapy in The Psychotherapist, the journal of the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy.
Abse, S. (2006) Review of White, Kate (Ed). Attachment and Sexuality in Clinical Practice. The John Bowlby Memorial Conference Monograph 2004. London: Karnac, 2005. Journal of Analytical Psychology 51 1 156-158
Abse, S. (2006) When a problem shared is a problem. Who’s illness is it anyway? Questions of technique when working with a borderline couple. Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Couple Work 2
Abse, S. (2007) Review of Coles, P., (Ed). Sibling Relationships. London: Karnac Books, 2006. Journal of Analytical Psychology 52 4 509-511
Abse, S. (2009) Sexual Dread and the Therapist’s Desire In: Clulow, C., Ed. Sex, Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy: Psychoanalytic Perspectives London: Karnac
Ashby, W. R. (1952): Design for a brain (quoted by Simon, F. B., Stierlin, H. y Wynne, L. C.: The language of family therapy. Stuttgard, Ernst Klett Verlag, 1984)
Atkinson, E. and Murray, C. (2008) Infertility: The Perspective of a Couple Therapist Journal of Fertility Counselling Vol 15 2 17-20
Balfour, F., Clulow, C., Dearnley, B. (1986) The Outcome of Maritally Focused Psychotherapy Offered as a Possible Model for Marital Psychotherapy Outcome Studies British Journal of Psychotherapy 3 2 133-143
A model for describing and evaluating change in a couple relationship is set out, drawing on a follow-up method established at the Tavistock Clinic for the assessment of change in individual patients.
Balfour, A. (2004) The couple, their marriage, and Oedipus: or, problems come in twos and threes In: Grier, F., Ed. Oedipus and the Couple London: Karnac
Balfour, A. (2006) Thinking about the experience of dementia: The importance of the unconscious Journal of Social Work Practice 20 No. 3 329-346
This paper explores the challenge of comprehending the experiences of dementia, and highlights the importance of understanding unconscious processes both at the level of the individual with dementia, and at the level of care-giving relationships in formal and informal settings. The contribution of insights from the research and clinical literature to understanding what may be happening at an unconscious level in dementia care settings is reviewed, and the implications for our understanding of the psychological needs of people with dementia and their carers are discussed.
Balfour, A. (2007) Factors, Phenomenolgy and Psychoanalytic Contributions to Dementia Care In: Davenhill, R. Ed. Looking Into Later Life. A Psychoanalytic Approach to Depression, Dementia and Old Age London: Karnac
Balfour, A. and Amos, A. (2007) Couple Psychotherapy: Separateness or Separation? In: Davenhill, R. Ed. Looking Into Later Life. A Psychoanalytic Approach to Depression, Dementia and Old Age London: Karnac
Balfour, A., Davenhill, R., Rustin, M. (2007)  Psychodynamic Observation and Old Age In: Davenhill, R. Ed Looking into Later Life. A Psychoanalytic Approach to Depression, Dementia and Old Age London: Karnac
Balfour, A. (2009) Intimacy and Sexuality in Later Life In: Clulow, C., Ed. Sex, Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy: Psychoanalytic Perspectives London: Karnac
Boerma, M. (2008) ‘Marriage as a Psychological Container’: Another perspective. SCPP Psychoanalytic Perspectives in Couple Work 2008 4 53-55
Boerma, M. and Clulow, C. (2009) Dynamics and Disorders of Sexual Desire In: Clulow, C., Ed. Sex, Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy: Psychoanalytic Perspectives London: Karnac
Boszormenyi-nagy, I. y Framo, J. (1965): Intensive family therapy. theoretical and practical aspects. Harper & Row, Hagerstown, Md.
Boszormenyi-nagy, I. y Spark, C. (1973): Invisible loyalties. New York, Harper & Row.
Bowen, M. (1975): Family therapy after twenty years. In: Arieti, S.(ed.):American Handbook of Psychiatry (2nd. ed). New York, Basic Books.
Bowlby, J. (1949): The study and reduction of the group tension in the family. Human relations, 2: 123.
Bowlby, J. (1973): Attachment and loss. vol. I. Attachment. New York, Basic Books. Bowlby, J. (1980): Attachment and loss. vol. II: Separation, anxiety and anger. New York, Basic Books.
Bowlby, J. (1982): Attachment and loss. vol. III: Sadness and depression. New York, Basic Books.
Box, S. (ed.) (1994): Crisis at adolescence. Object relations therapy with the family. Northvale, N. J., Janson Aronson.
Broderick, C. B. & Schrader, S. (1991): The history of professional marriage and family therapy. In: Gurman, A. S. y Kniskern, D. P. (ed.): Handbook of family therapy, vol. I. New York, Brunner/Mazel.
Clulow, C., Cudmore, L., Mattinson, J., Ruszczynski, S., Vincent, C. (1981) Facing Both Ways Social Work Today 13 15 13-15
Based on evidence given to the National Institute for Social Work’s inquiry on the role and tasks of social workers, the paper proposes a mediating role for social workers in which they act neither to impose social conformity on individuals, nor to revolutionise society for the individual, but to mediate between the two and thereby lessen the disabling effects of tensions within relationships at different levels.
Clulow, C. (1982) Implications of a Marital Approach to Parenthood Preparation Seminars in Family Medicine (University of Michigan) 3 2 73-76
A description of a groupwork programme for expectant couples continuing into the first six months of parenthood. The paper reviews the experience of the groups, reassesses the relevance of crisis theory to the transition to parenthood and considers the meaning of preventive work in this context.
Clulow, C. (1982) To Have and To Hold: Marriage, the First Baby and Preparing Couples for Parenthood Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.
Through case descriptions and research findings the impact of children on marriage is traced through the transition to parenthood. A group approach to preparing couples for parenthood is described and the experience of health visitors monitored in their individual contacts with families. The meaning of ‘prevention’ is reassessed in the light of this experience.
Clulow, C. F. (1983) Psychodynamic Sex Therapy Marriage Guidance 19 2 26-29
A comment on the thinking of Freud, Erikson and the object relations school of thought on sexuality, and the concept of transference as a working method.
Clulow, C. (1984) Sexual Dysfunction and Interpersonal Stress: the Significance of the Presenting Complaint in Seeking and Engaging Help British Journal of Medical Psychology 57 371-380
The paper surveys the extent of sexual problems in one year’s applications to the Institute and the degree of match between couples and therapists in the ways these problems were understood. Sexual dysfunction is seen as having a ‘functional’ aspect, capable of drawing attention to sensitive areas in marriage and yet of deflecting away from them when attention constitutes a threat. The nature of the threat is examined from a psychodynamic perspective in relation to a case example, and implications are drawn for therapists in managing both presenting symptoms and the transference.
Clulow, C. (1985) Marital Therapy: An Inside View Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.
The basic assumptions of psychodynamic marital therapy are identified by exploring questions, thoughts and feelings of two co-therapists as they work conjointly with a couple. The detailed case history is a vehicle for considering practice issudes, including the process of referral and evaluation of therapy through follow-up.
Clulow, C. (1986) Research Into Practice Marriage Guidance 22 1 7-15
A review article summarising and commenting on three research reports emanating from the National Marriage Guidance Council which concerned counsellor/client relationships.
Clulow, C. (1986) Social Aspects of the Experience of Early Parenthood In: Couples and Children London: Family and Social Action
Discussion notes which ask questions about the nature of the problems associated with becoming parents, the kind of community which exists for them and areas for change.1
Clulow, C., Dearnley, B., Balfour, F. (1986) Shared Phantasy and Therapeutic Structure in a Brief Marital Psychotherapy. British Journal of Psychotherapy 3 2 124-132
The paper examines the interrelationship between an unconscious shared phantasy which had produced deadlock in a marriage and two aspects of a brief therapeutic offer of six session, namely its brevity and the decision to see partners separately.
Clulow, C. and Vincent, C. (1987) In the Child’s Best Interests? Divorce Court Welfare and the Search for a Settlement London: Tavistock: Sweet and Maxwell.
The work of a team of specialist divorce court welfare officers and their clients is described in detail, with the experiences of the professionals seen in terms of the experiences of their client parents. The nature of the often intractable problems of parents litigating over their children is examined in connection with unresolved attachments to former partners and the context of welfare work.
Clulow, C. (1988) Marriage: Losing Our Illusions Values 3 1 8-10
An exploration of the gap between statistics which indicate high levels of divorce and images of married security fostered at public and personal levels. Some illusions associated with married life are discussed, and it is argued that disillusionment is part of the experience of healthy development in marriage.
Clulow, C. (1989) Child Applications and Contested Divorce Family Law 19 198-200
The paper describes three categories of conflictful divorce (drawn from a sample of parents subject to court welfare enquiries) and patterns of interaction associated with them in which unresolved attachments to the broken marriage played a part in motivating child access and custody disputes. It is suggested that a lengthy history of divorce-associated litigation, very discrepant accounts of events by the avoidance of communication between parents over a prolonged period of time are predicitve of a very low likelihood of success for efforts at conciliation.
Clulow, C. (1989) Does Marriage Matter? In: Chester, R., Ed.^Eds Does Marriage Matter? Three Perspectives London: Marriage Research Centre
The text of an address, the paper explores the balance between commitment and choice in modern marriage, taking special account of the couple’s internal worlds in managing tensions deriving from it.
Clulow, C. (1989) Second Marriage In: Ed.^Eds Working With Stepfamilies Cambridge: National Stepfamily Association
The text of an address, the paper considers the emotional environment which sustains, or fails to sustain, second and subsequent marriages, taking account of the part children play in affecting the dynamics of reconstituted families.
Clulow, C. and Mattinson, J. (1989) Marriage Inside Out: Understanding Problems of Intimacy Harmondsworth: Penguin.
An exploration of how disparate public and private expectiations of marriage complicate – and can even cause – many problems commonly experienced by couples. An examination of the psychological ties that bind partners to each other and how they can generate tensions at different stages in life.
Clulow, C. (1990) Divorce as Bereavement: Similarities and Differences Family and Conciliation Courts Review 28 1 19-22
The paper compares the experience of losing a partner through death and divorce, summarising some of the psychological, social and economic factors that can combine to make recovery from divorce more problematic than from bereavement.
Clulow, C. (1990) Marriage in the 1990s Sexual and Marital Therapy 5 1 25-38
The paper (originally presented as one of a series of public lectures organised by the Tavistock Clinic) examines changes which have affected the social institution of marriage and how these impinge on the functions of the psychological institution which attempts to manage the often conflicting needs for security and development at a personal level.
Clulow, C. (1990) Marriage, Disillusion and Hope: Papers Celebrating Forty Years of the Tavistock Institute of Marital Studies London: Karnac Books/TIMS.
Including contributions from Timothy Renton, Robin Skynner, David Clark and Barbara Dearnley, the book reviews the political, social, personal and therapeutic changes relevant to marriage between 1948 and 1988. Douglas Woodhouse describes the evolution of thinking and practice in the TIMS during that period in an organisational case study.
Clulow, C. (1990) Sexueller mißbrauch innerhalb der familia Wege Zum Menschen 42 8 496-503
A translation into German of the report from the Commission on Marriage and Interpersonal Relations of the International Union of Family Organisations meeting in Exeter, June 1989. The report discusses some of the difficulties of measuring the incidence of child sexual abuse and explores why the subject has become a prominent issue at this point in time. Some reasons for and responses to the problem of child sexual abuse within the family are offered.
Clulow, C. (1990) Training Implications of the Children Act 1989: The ‘Check-List’ and Divorce Proceedings Family Law 20 263-266
The first six items on the ‘check-list’, the guideline for defining the threshold of public intervention in the Children Act, are discussed in the light of current research knowledge and practice experience. Some implications for training are considered.
Clulow, C. (1990) Violence et Familles: Gestion des Conflits Réalites Familiales 16 18-24
A translation into French of the report from the Commission on Marriage and Interpersonal Relations of the International Union of Family Organisations meeting in Malta, May 1990. The report summarises ways in which violence manifests itself in family life, considering both the nature of violence and the changes affecting families. Four broad areas of conflict in family relations are discussed which may trigger violent responses: conservation and change, boundaries, balance of power and care and control.
Clulow, C. (1991) The Chronically Ill Child and the Parents’ Marriage: Interactive Effects British Journal of Psychotherapy 7 4 331-340
The paper describes the nature of some of the stresses on family members of chronic child illness and its uncertain course, paying particular attention to the parental couple. Through detailed consideration of one couple’s experience, the internal ramifications for marriage of a child being seriously and chronically ill are examined and consideration is given to the effectiveness of anticipatory mourning and other forms of help in these circumstances.
Clulow, C. (1991) Guest Editor on special issue on Marriage and Couple Work Journal of Social Work Practice 5 2
A collection of papers about the changing social institution of marriage, the nature of partnership, and different policy and practice responses to the question of what constitutes appropriate help.
Clulow, C. (1991) Introduction In: Stepfamilies in a Changing World London: National Stepfamily Association
Introduction to papers emanating from a NSA conference.
Clulow, C. (1991) Making, Breaking and Remaking Marriage In: Clark, D., Ed. Marriage, Domestic Life and Social Change. Writings for Jacqueline Burgoyne (1944-88) London and New York: Routledge
Taking a psychodynamic approach to couple relationships, this chapter examines the ties that hold people in marriage and the public and personal implications of separation and divorce. Using the image of stepfamilies as a hybrid family form, rooted in loss, and growing in an unfavourable climate, the author examines issues for adults and children following remarriage.
Clulow, C. (1991) Partners Becoming Parents: A Question of Difference Infant Mental Health Journal 12 3 255-265
In a special edition celebrating the life of John Bowlby, the paper considers why marital satisfaction may decline with the roles and responsibilities of parenthood and pays particular attention to the problem of managing difference at personal and public levels when unconscious assumptions and conscious expectations apply pressures to merge.
Clulow, C. (1992) Is It Catching? Family Law 22 454
On the contagious nature of anxiety in practitioner-client relationships.
Clulow, C. (1992) Only Connect Family Law 22 277
Introduction to the series, which bridges the worlds of couple therapy and family law.
Clulow, (1992) C. Out of Bounds Family Law 22 559
On boundaries in professional relationships
Clulow, C. (1992) Unconscious Communications Family Law 22 502
Illustrates unconscious communications in the context of a solicitor-client relationship.
Clulow, C. (1992) Why Difficult Clients? Family Law 22 354
Examines the impact of change on clients’ behaviour in the context of separation and divorce.
Clulow, C. (1992) Why Difficult Solicitors? Family Law 22 398
Examines the impact of change on professional behaviour in the family law context.
Clulow, C. F. (1992) Article In: De’Ath, E.  Parenting Threads: Caring for Children When Couples Part London: National Stepfamily Association
Compiled by a team of writers, this is a self-help and resource booklet aimed at parents going through the experience of separation and divorce.
Clulow, C. (1993) Connections (Australia) Australian Family Lawyer 9 1 22-25
Two compliations (along with ref. 79) of pieces first published in Family Law on dynamics of interaction between lawyers and their clients.
Clulow, C. (1993) Containment Family Law 23 359
On the concept of containment in the context of the family justice system.
Clulow, C. (1993) Decoding Experience Family Law 23 359
On the concepts of transference and countertransference in the context of the family justice system.
Clulow, C. (1993) ‘Good Enough’ Marriage In: Clulow, C. Ed. Rethinking Marriage: Public and Private Perspectives London: Karnac Book
An exploration of what is meant by healthy marriage, drawing on the work of Winnicott, Maslow and Lewis. From these psychoanalytical, humanistic and systemic perspectives marriage is conceived of as a potentially facilitating environment for human growth and development.
Clulow, C. (1993) Impasses of Divorce: Which Ways Forward? Family and Conciliation Courts Review 31 2 244-248
Creating an environment in which children can develop with trust and confidence is a key issue for social policy makers, family practitioners and parents. Although allied by this concern, too often the three groups behave as if their interests are opposed; children can then become casualties. he process of separation and divorce creates particular opportunities and special hazards in this respect, which have enormous implications for the future well-being of individuals and communities. This report describes a model for conceptualising, in the context of divorce, how it is that potential allies can sometimes become implacable foes, and considers some ways forward.
Clulow, C. (1993) Linguistic Dipossession Family Law 23 91
On the use of language in the family law context.
Clulow, C. (1993) Making Sense of Marriage Breakdown and the Role of the Professional Australian Family Lawyer 8 4 17-20
Two compliations (along with ref. 80) of pieces first published in Family Law on dynamics of interaction between lawyers and their clients.
Clulow, C. (1993) Managing Feelings Family Law 23 242-243
On managing ambivalence and staying in role in the context of divorce work.
Clulow, C. (1993) Marriage Across Frontiers: National, Ethnic and Religious Differences in Partnership Sexual and Marital Therapy 8 1 81-87
Comprising the report on a conference of the same title, the paper summarises problems of definition, the proposition that cross-cultural marriages are subversive, areas of vulnerability and potential in such partnerships, and considers how they might better be supported.
Clulow, C. (1993) New Families? Changes in Society and Family Relationships Sexual and Marital Therapy 8 3 269-273
A report of the meeting of the Commission on Marriage and Interpersonal Relations of the International Union of Family Organisations in Baden, Austria, May 1993.
Clulow, C. (1993) Professional Distance Family Law 23 39
On distance regulation in professional relationships
Clulow, C. (1993) Referral Family Law 23 427
On the dynamics of referral in the context of the family justice system.
Clulow, C. (1993) Rethinking Marriage In: Clulow, C., Ed Rethinking Marriage: Public and Private Perspectives London: Karnac Books
An essay on some interactions between private issues and public concerns in relation to marriage from a therapist’s perspective. A summary of succeeding chapters is organised around the problem ‘what is marriage for’?
Clulow, C., Ed. (1993) Rethinking Marriage: Public and Private Perspectives. London: Karnac Books.
Clulow, C. (1993) Scene Setting Family Law 23 155
Addresses issues arising in the first meeting between solicitors and their clients.
Clulow, C. (1994) Balancing Care and Control: The Supervisory Relationship as a Focus for Promoting Organisational Health In: Obholzer, A. and. Roberts., V., Eds. The Unconscious at Work London: Routledge
Drawing on the experience of a staff supervision course for managers in the Probation Service, this chapter looks at how the supervisory relationship can act as a receiver of unconscious communications which bear upon the nature of work-specific anxieties, and also some of the individual-cum-organisational defenses that are deployed to manage them. Precisely because of its location and potential that state and quality of provision made for supervision can be taken as a key indicator of organisational health in the human services.
Clulow, C. (1994) Grenzubersschreitende Ehen: Nationale, Ethnische und Religiose Unterschiede in der Partnerschaft Wege Zum Menschen 46 6 376-380
Clulow, C. (1994) Lawyers and Stress: The Family Connection Legal Executive Journal May 28-29
An exploration of anxiety generated by change in the professional world of lawyers and the personal worlds of their clients, and how they interact with each other. Argues for collaboration between legal and mental health disciplines in managing work-related stress.
Clulow, C. (1994) Obituary: Enid Balint Edmonds Sexual and Marital Therapy 9 3 101
Clulow, C. (1995) Introduction In: Clulow, C. F., Ed. Women, Men and Marriage London: Sheldon Press
A narrative account of the confusions women and men experience at a personal level about whether or not they have a marriage and its replications at a public level. The narrative weaves together themes developed in succeeding chapters.
Clulow, C. (1995) Marriage and Families in the Nineties, Catholic Marriage Advisory Council Bulletin 35 138 1-11
A survey of some of the pressures upon and opportunities for couples in contemporary society, and for those supporting them in a professional capacity. The text of a talk given on the occasion of a jubilee conference organised by the Catholic Marriage Advisory Council in Ireland.
Clulow, C. (1995) Mental Health and Planning a Pregnancy In: Thomas, V., Wesson, H., Corcoran, C. and Sullivan, K., Eds The Preconceptual Handbook: Support and Advice for Health Practitioners London: West London Health Promotion Agency
A psychological perspective on some of the pressures facing couples as they become parents, written for health practitioners working in the community.
Clulow, C. (1995) A New Millennium? In: Clulow, C.., Ed. Women, Men and Marriage London: Sheldon Press
An examination of four processes which describe and are relevant to understanding contemporary marriage: the privatisation of marriage, the pursuit of an egalitarian dream, the decline of absolute value and the rise of relativism, and the shift from rights and responsibilities. Some elements of paradox and contradiction are identified arising from these interlocking themes.
Clulow, C. (1995) Who Cares? Implications of Caring Responsibilities for Couples and Families Sexual and Marital Therapy 10 1 63-68
Changing patterns of family life, ageing populations, the increasing participation of women in paid employment and economic recession have, along with other factors, highlighted a key question for many countries today: who will care for dependent members of society? The assumption that women will care as part of the historical segregation of roles in marriage can no longer be taken for granted. The implications of this, as assessed by an international gathering of professionals working in the field, are reported on in this paper.
Clulow, C., (1995) Ed. Women, Men and Marriage. London: Sheldon Press.
Clulow, C. (1996) Are Two Parents Necessary? In: Clulow, C., Ed. Partners Becoming Parents London: Sheldon
In this chapter the relationship between family structure and process is considered. Attention is focused on processes of fusion and differentiation that accompany the parenting cycle and affect adult partnerships. A contemporary view of the Oedipal situation is invoked to answer the question raised by the chapter title, which reverts attention to the relationship between the process raised at the outset.
Clulow, C. (1996) The Information Session National Council for Family Proceedings Newsletter 2-8
The text of a paper delivered at a conference orgainsed by the NCFP that critically assesses the proposal to include an information session as part of the mandatory procedures for securing a divorce under the 1996 Family Law Act.
Clulow, C. (1996) Introduction In: Clulow, C., Ed. Partners Becoming Parents London: Sheldon
This books examines the interplay between partnering and parenting roles from different professional perspectives. Two fundamental questions are addressed: how do children change the relationship between their parents, and what relevance has the adult couple relationship for healthy child development? It is based on a series of public lectures organised by the Tavistock Marital Studies Institute.
Clulow, C. (1996) Is Marriage Necessary? In: Haldane, D. Ed. Marriage Now: Asking Questions Edinburgh: Edinburgh Marriage Counselling Scotland
Published as one of a series of public lectures commissioned by Marriage Counselling Scotland on the occasion of the International Year of the Family, this paper considers the relationship-cum-institution of marriage as situated on the boundary between public and private worlds, and past and present realities, and considers its changing social and personal functions. The role of counselling/psychotherapy is considered in this context. A reply to the paper from the Hon Lord Clyde is included in the book.
Clulow, C. (1996) Preventing Marriage Breakdown: Towards a New Paradigm Sexual and Marital Therapy 11 4 343-351
A critical summary of three paradigms commonly used in relation to thinking about strategies for preventing marriage breakdown; the policing, medical and educational models. The consultative model is proposed as a fourth paradigm and an area where there is considerable potential for development.
Clulow, C. (1997) Dictionary of Pastoral Counselling In: Knowledge, S. f. t. P. o. C., Ed.^Eds
As part of its tricentenary celebrations in 1998, the Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge is publishing a comprehensive Dictionary of Pastoral Counselling. The dictionary will contain not only definitions but also mini essays of up to one thousand words summarising key issues in relation to the main entries. Christopher Clulow has been commissioned by the SPCK to submit thirteen entries in the field of marriage and couple work.
Clulow, C. (1997) Editorial: Communicating Across Therapeutic Cultures Sexual and Marital Therapy 12 1 3-4
Christopher Clulow’s editorial in Sexual and Marital Therapy underscores his reason for and mission in taking on the role of Journal’s Therapies Editor – seeking to communicate across professional disciplines to ‘provide opportunities for a rich, multi-dimensional understanding of couples’ relationships to emerge’.
Clulow, C. (1997) Roots of Irrationality in Marriage The Bulletin: Journal of Catholic Marriage Care 37 145 8-17
This address to the jubilee conference of Marriage Care contrasts the ‘sense’ of education strategies for preventing marriage breakdown with the ‘sensibilities’ of people fashioned by their early attachment experiences. Attention is paid to how strategies for managing attachment-related anxieties can be manifested in the way people talk, and the implications of this for ‘talking therapies’.
Clulow, C. (1998) Gender, Attachment and Communication in Marriage Sexual and Marital Therapy 13 4 449-640
This is the text of a paper presented at the meeting of the Commissions on Marriage and Interpersonal Relations of the International Union of Family Organisations in Oxford on 28 June 1998. It considers communication patterns in partnerships as function of gender and as a reflection of attachment styles that transcend gender.
Clulow, C. (1999) Bindungsmuster und Kommuniation in der Ehe Wege Zum Menschen 51 6 319-331
This is the text of a paper given at a meeting of the commission on Marriage and International Relations of the International Union of Family Organisations in Oxford. It considers communication patterns in partnerships as a function of gender and as a reflection of attachment styles that transcend gender.
Clulow, C. (2000) Marriage/Relationship Counselling In: Davis, M., Ed. The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Social Work Oxford: Blackwell
Encyclopaedia entry defining marriage and relationship counselling.
Clulow, C. (2000) Supporting Marriage in the Theatre of Divorce In: Thorpe, M., Ed. No Fault or Flaw: The Future of the Family Law Act 1996 Bristol: Jordan
An examination of how changing judicial procedures might affect interdisciplinary relationships in the family justice system. A critique of the measures in the 1996 Family Law Act aimed at supporting marriage, focusing on psychological processes and their potential for affecting how proposed procedures might work out.
Clulow, C., Ed. (2001) Adult Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy: The ‘Secure Base’ in Practice and Research. London: Brunner-Routledge.
Clulow, C. (2001)Couples in Transition In: Morton, A., Ed. Couples in Transition: Integrity and Brokenness Edinburgh: Centre for Theology and Public Issues, University of Edinburgh
Occasional paper no. 46. An overview of changes affecting the public and private faces of marriage, assessing its contemporary purposes and focusing on psychological functions of the couple relationships.
Clulow, C. (2001) Obituary for A.C. Robin Skynner Sexual and Relationship Therapy 16 2 423-425
Clulow, C., Riddell, J., Shmueli, A. (2001) Working with Intangible Loss In: Clulow, C., Ed. Adult Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy London: Brunner-Routledge
The dilemmas faced by a couple in dealing with unresolved loss are considered from both an attachment and psychoanalytic perspective. Loss is personal history is reflected in issues surrounding the ending of the therapy itself.
Clulow, C. (2002) Various entries on marriage In: Carr, W. The New Dictionary of Pastoral Studies London: SPCK
Entries on: adultery, bigamy, couple counselling, divorce, marriage counselling, mixed marriage, monogamy, polygamy, premarital counselling, remarriage, single parents and step family.
Clulow, C. (2003) An Attachment Perspective on Reunions in Couple Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies 5 3
Psychoanalysis has been slow to acknowledge theory as one of its own. Yet traditions of observational and representational research associated with it have much to offer in shedding light on intrapsychic as well as interpersonal phenomena. This paper explores these traditions and their potential clinical utility for couple psychoanalytic psychotherapy. In particular, attention is drawn to behaviour and representations associated with the experience of reunion in therapy sessions.
Clulow, C. (2003) Foreword In: D’Ardenne, P. Ed The Counselling of Couple in Healthcare Settings: a Handbook for Clinicians London: Whurr
Clulow, C., Vincent, C. (2003) Working with Divorcing Partners In: Bell, M, Ed. The Practitioners Guide to Working with Families. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Drawing on clinical practice and action research the authors describe some unconscious processes operating within families and in relation to practitioners during the transitions of separation and divorce.  These are understood within the conceptual frameworks of attachment theory and Klenian object relations theory.  Particular attention is paid to the operation of defensive processes against anxiety triggered by the experience of separation and loss, and implications for professional practice are explored.
Clulow, C. (2004) Loss, Anxiety and the Capacity to Change In: Orthofer, M., Ed. Meditation und Kinderbegleitung Vienna: Bundesministerium fur Soziale Sicherheit, Generationen und Konsumentenschutz
Clulow, C. (2004) Reflections on the Commission on Couple and Family Relationships. In: New Harmonies: Families Holding Relationship, Work and the Generations in Balance. Leuven: Proceedings from the 50th International Conference of the International Commission on Couple and Family Relationships 2003
Clulow, C. (2004) Review of Knox, J (2003). Archetype, Analysis, Attachment. Jungian Psychology and the Emergent Mind. Journal of Analytical Psychology 49 3 456-458
Clulow, C. (2005) Couples and parenting: missing the link? Couples and Parenting. Sexual and Relationship Therapy 20 3
Clulow, C. (2005) Partnership and Marriage. In: Raynor, E,, Rose, J., Twyman, M. and Clulow, C, Eds Human Development. An Introduction to the Psychodynamics of Growth, Maturity and Ageing. London: Brunner Routledge
Clulow, C. (2006) Couple psychotherapy and attachment theory In: Savege Scharff, J. and. Scharff., D, Eds New Paradigms for Treating Relationships New York:: Aronson
This chapter reviews the place of attachment theory in psychoanalytic work with couples. From the tradition of observing mother-infant interactions, and the representation of states of mind through narrative styles, it considers the nature of emotional truth and the role of mirroring in creating a sense of self. These perspectives are applied to the adult couple relationship, with a clinical illustration of the significance of reunions for couple psychotherapy.
Clulow, C. (2006) Working with Difficult Couples in the Family Justice System In: Thorpe, Ed. Durable Solutions: The Collected Papers of the 2005 Dartington Hall Conference Bristol: Family Law
The assumption underlying this paper is that the key to finding durable solutions to problematic family processes affecting children in the family justice system lies in the relationship between their parents. Different kinds of anxiety accompanying family change are examined and illustrated and some conclusions are drawn for professional practice.
Clulow, C. (2007) Attachment, Couples and the Talking Cure Therapy Today 18 6
Clulow, C. (2007) Attachment, Idealisation and Violence in Couple Relationships Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Couple Work 3 11-24
Clulow, C. (2007) Can Attachment Theory help define what is mutative in Couple Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy? In: Ludlam, M. and Nyberg., V, Eds Couple Attachments: Theoretical and Clinical Studies London: Karnac
Clulow, C. (2007) John Bowlby and Couple Psychotherapy Attachment and Human Development 9 4 343 – 353
Clulow, C. (2007) Marriage, Partnership and Adult Attachment Sexual and Relationship Therapy 22 3
Clulow, C. (2009) Intergenerational Pathways linking attachment security in parents and outcomes in children: A clinical commentary Attachment and Human Development 11 1 111-117
Clulow, C., Ed. (2009) Sex, Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy: Psychoanalytic Perspectives. London: Karnac.
Cohen, N. (1982) Same or Different? A Problem of Identity in Cross-Cultural Marriages Journal of Family Therapy 4 177-199
Discusses the cases of five cross-cultural couples (aged 31-50 years) seen in couple therapy. It is argued that marrying out of their own culture provided the partners with a more definite identity, while also giving a valid reason for avoiding difficulties inherent in the process of developing their identity within their original culture.
Cohen, N. and Pugh, G. (1984) The Presentation of Marital Problems in General Practice The Practioner 228 Collaboration between a general practioner and a marital psychotherapist. Aims at identifying how patients alert their doctors to marital problems.
Cohen, N. (1989) Reflections on the November 1988 Issue of the Journal of Social Work Practice. Journal of Social Work Practice 4 1 107-108
Comments on a series of articles which emerged from a seminar on psychotherapy across cultures held at the Tavistock Centre
Cohen, N. (1991) Marriages InterCulturels: Une Diffèrence-ècran Dialogue. Recherches Cliniques et Sociologiques sur le Couple et la Famille 113
To marry across culture can  mean to relive an experience which, in the past, was perceived to be strange and incomprehensible. Work with two couples illustrates the theme of the unconscious choice of partners based on their shared experience which is linked with feelings of exclusion and rejection.
Cohen, N., Fisher, J., Clulow, C. F. (1993) Predicting Engagement with Psychoanalytical Couple Psychotherapy Sexual and Marital Therapy 8 3 217-230
One year’s application to the Tavistock Institute of Marital Studies for couple psychotherapy are analysed, along with therapist assessment reports for those couples in the sample taking up an offer of therapy, with the aim of identifying predictive factors for engagement with psychoanalytical couple psychotherapy. A positive association is found in six areas: where there was a delay in returning application forms; where couples had been married/living together for a long time; where men described their emotional state rather than argued a case; where couple engaged those reading their applications in a similar way; where there was an interactive view of the problem; and where space for reflection rather than problem solving or emotional crisis management was expected in terms of help.
Colman, W. (1988) After the Fall: Original Loss and the Limits of Redemption Free Associations 13 59-83
This paper explores experiences of catastrophic loss drawing on psychoanalytic concepts of early development and the story of the Fall, with particular reference to Milton’s Paradise Lost. The origins of evil are linked to inevitable experiences of separation and ‘original loss’ which, if beyond the individual’s intergrative threshold, function as ever-painful wounds and may produce defensive identification with a paranoid, envious and revengeful ‘satanic complex’.
Colman, W. (1989) On Call: The Work of a Telephone Helpline for Child Abusers Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press.
A deatiled study of the work of a telephone helpline for parents under stress, including physical and sexual abusers. It explores the anxieties which underlie all helping relationships as they emerged in the complex interaction between volunteers, their callers and professional workers, and examines the specific shape these anxieties take in relation to child abuse on the one hand and the constraints of telephone work on the other.
Colman, W. (1991) Envy, Self-Esteem and the Fear of Separateness British Journal of Psychotherapy 7 4 356-367
This paper takes issue with Melanie Klein’s theory of primary envy. The author argues that the core of envy is a sense of having insufficient resources to exist as a viable and valuable person and is related to environmental failure. The sense of lack gives rise to a compensatory fantasy of an all-providing other who is always out of reach, against which destructive spoiling may be instigated as a defense.
Colman, W. (1993) Celebrating the Phallus Catholic Marriage Advisory Council Bulletin 33 129 16-21
An investigation of male sexuality, focusing on the archetypal significance of the phallus as signifier of male creativity and destructiveness. The paper argues for a positive re-valuation of masculinity, distinguishing its aggressive from its destructive aspects and exploring the roots of male destructiveness in terms of maternal rejection of phallic strivings and the inability to make a positive identification with a creative father and a parental couple in creative intercourse.
Colman, W. (1993) Fidelity as a Moral Achievement In: Clulow, C., Ed. Rethinking Marriage: Public and Private Perspectives London: Karnac Books
This paper differentiates between fidelity as a legally imposed requirement of marriage and as a personal guarantee given by each partner of the specialness of the other. The latter requires psychological struggle to reconcile personal and social needs – a process that is defined as moral work. The conflict and reconcilement between personal and social needs is explored through four well known stories of love, marriage and infidelity: Pride and Prejudice, Brief Encounter, Jude the Obsure and Madame Bovary.
Colman, W. (1993) The Individual and the Couple In: Ruszczynski, S., Ed. Psychotherapy with Couples London: Karnac Books
Jung’s concept of individuation of its stress on the creative tension of opposites is applied to one of the major oppositions in all couple relationships, that between the couple itself and the individuals within it. Although individuation refers to the development of a unique self this can only take place in the context of relationship to something other than self. Ultimately it refers to the capacity for a psychological union of opposites, symbolised as the internal couple. Various difficulties in establishing the internal marriage are considered in relation to the couple, especially the wish for fusion as an avoidance of separateness and the problem of unequal development in the two partners.
Colman, W. (1993) Marriage as a Psychological Container In: Ruszczynski, S., Ed. Psychotherapy with Couples London: Karnac Books
This paper argues that the purpose of marital therapy is to promote the capacity of the marriage to act as a psychological container for the two individuals within it. Distinctions are made between marriage as a therapeutic institution and the institution of therapy and between the task of individual therapy and that of marital therapy. The paper compares and contrasts different forms of containment and examines links with related concepts such as holding and attachment.
Colman, W. (1994) Encountering the Erotic Spirit: Love, Desire and Infatuation Journal of Analytical Psychology 39 4 497-514
This paper looks at the experience of falling in love. It shows the universality of the experience and investigates its peculiar mixture of sublime spirituality and intense bodily passion, drawing on Plato and love poetry from the Renaissance to the present. It is a unique experience which, although containing features associated with earlier phases of development such as idealisation and the longing for oneness, cannot be entirely derived from them since it is particularly associated with initiation into adult life.
Colman, W. (1995) Cross-Gender Identifications in Hetrosexual Couples British Journal of Psychotherapy 11 4 522-535
This paper explores the differentiation between gender identity and sexual object choice through a clinical study of couples who, despite having made a hetrosexual object choice, show a marked reversal of conventional gender norms. Their typical interaction constitutes a shared defence against their mutual lack of security about belonging to the gender correlated with their biological sex. Cross-gender identifications are explored in terms of Jung’s concept of anima and animus possession and an aetiolocial ‘profile’ is suggested in which the same oedipal constellation propels girls towards masculinity but cuts boys off from it.
Colman, W. (1995) Gesture and Recognition: An Alternative Model to Projective Identification as a Basis for Couple Relationships In: Ruszczynski, S. and Fisher, J., Eds
Intrusiveness and Intimacy in the Couple This paper argues for the restriction of the term projective identification to defensive processes subsequent to early communications between mother and infant which take place prior to the establishment of ego boundaries. These processes are better understood in terms of Winnicott’s notion of the mother’s recognition of the infant’s gesture. In normal development this experience develops into a capacity feel continually intruded on by each other’s attempts to have their own gestures recognised and by the evacuative projection that is required against non-recognition by the other.
Colman, W. (1996) Aspects of Anima and Animus in Oedipal Development Journal of Analytical Psychology 41 1 37-57
This paper aims to insert the contrasexual archetype into the dynamic narrative of the Oedipus complex. Anima and animus are initially mediated by the oedipally loved parent and subsequent manifestations bear the imprint not only of the parent themselves but of the entire complex of object relationships in which Oedipal love is embedded. Successful resolution of the Oedipus complex depends on freeing the anima/animus from its Oedipal bonds so that its function as a bridge to the unconscious can be realised. The clinical material explores the damaging impact of a split parental couple on this process and the positive role of idealisation as a stimulus to psychic development.
Cudmore, L. (1992) The Impact on Infertility on the Couple Relationship In: Reich, D. a. B., A., Ed.^Eds Infertility and Adoption London: Post Adoption Centre
Cudmore, L. (1995) The Impact of Infertility on Couples New Generation (NCT Journal)
Cudmore, L. (1996) Parenting Forum 2
Cudmore, L. (1996) Fertility Counselling: A Couple Approach Journal of Fertility Counselling 3 2
Cudmore, L. (1996) Infertility and the Couple In: Clulow, C., Ed.^Eds Partners Becoming Parents London: Sheldon
Cudmore, L. (1997) The Loss of the Fantasy Baby Journal of Fertility Counselling 4 2 16-18
Mourning the Imagined Child. This paper explores the difficulties couples face when mourning a baby who has never been known in reality. With an ever increasing number of miracle treatments for infertility, couples face difficult decisions about when to stop treatment, face the reality of not having children and begin the mourning process. As the relationship with the imagined baby is a ‘fantasy relationship’ it is inevitably heavily laden with parental projections. The absence of a real baby makes mourning particularly difficult.
Cudmore, L. and Judd, D. (1997) The Impact of a Child’s Death on the Parent’s Relationship The Child Bereavement Trust
This paper discussed some preliminary thoughts about the impact of a child’s death on the parent’s relationship as a couple. When the paper was written, the research project that focused on this theme was still in its early stages. The paper looked broadly at the difficulties couples face when both partners are grieving as a result of traumatic loss, and when they mourn in different ways. The ideas were illustrated with two clinical examples.
Cudmore, L. (2005) Becoming parents in the context of loss Couples and Parenting. Sexual and Relationship Therapy 20 3
Daniell, D. (1985) Love and Work: Complementary Aspects of Personal Identity International Journal of Social Economics 12 2 48-55
Clinical material is used to illustrate the complementary nature of love and work. Unconscious as well as conscious motivations in both marital and occupational choice are explored alongside one another. The personal costs of loss of work are considered.
Daniell, D. (1985)  Marital Therapy: A Psychodynamic Approach In: Dryden, W., Ed. Marital Therapy in Britain London: Harper and Row
This paper provides an introduction to key concepts and contextual considerations in marital psychotherapy. The nature of marital disturbance, choice of partner, shared phantasy, shared defense and therapeutic contract are all illustrated by clinical material.
Davenhill, R., Balfour, A., Rustin, M., Blanchard, M., Tress, K. (2003) Looking into Later Life: Psychodynamic Observation and Old Age Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy 17 3 253-266
Psychodynamic observation has been used successfully as a core component of training for child and adult psychotherapists with the NHS. This paper will describe the use of the psychodynamic observational method in the multidisciplinary training of health professionals working with older adults.
In taking on the role of receptive observer within the framework provided by the psychodynamic observational method, it is hoped that the observer will come closer to the older person’s experience and develop an attuned capacity to see and retain detail. In becoming aware of the emotional impact the interplay between the individual and their environment may produce, participants will learn from their own experience about factors, conscious and unconscious, which can support or impede development and adjustment to transitions in the later part of life. It allows thinking in depth to take place about the experience of the older person as well as the difficulties encountered in the caring role.
The first half of the paper will describe the ‘how to’ of setting up a psychodynamic observation. The second half will describe two observations, one in a more normative setting of an outpatient health clinic for older people, and the other in a nursing home where the older person and staff are confronted with a greater degree of physical and mental deterioration.
Dearnley, B. (1985) A Plain Man’s Guide to Supervision – or New Clothes for the Emperor? Journal of Social Work Practice 2 1 52-65
Examines the ‘all or nothing’ conflict in which supervisors often feel caught. The crucial unsaid influences in supervision are understood in the context of transference, the reflection process and the triangular relationship. An internal model of supervision and the natural history of the supervisor is offered concluding with ‘ten commandments’ to guard against supervisory ‘nakedness’.
Dearnley, B. e. a. (1989) Learning Supervision: Social Work Supervision in a Local Authority London: Wandsworth Social Services Department.
An account of ten years work with supervisors, presenting a theorectical model and a consumer evaluation.
Dicks, H. (1967) Marital tensions. Clinical studies towards a psycho-analytic theory of interaction. London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Eichenbaum Luise Between Women: love, envy and competition in women’s friendships (with Susie Orbach)
Eichenbaum Luise & Orbach Susie (1983), What Do Women Want? Exploding the Myth of Dependency Michael Joseph, London, Coward McCann, New York
Eichenbaum Luise & Orbach Susie (1983), Understanding Women: A Feminist Psychoanalytic Approach, Basic Books, New York.
Eiguer Alberto (1996) Status of psychic reality in adolescence. Intern. Journ. Psychoanalysis. London. 77, 6, 1169-1180.
Eiguer Alberto (2007) The intersubjective links in perversion, International Journal of psychoanalysis, London, 88, 1135-1152.
Eiguer Alberto (2007) Disorientated parenthood. Parenthood without compass, International Review of Couple and Family Psychoanalysis, www.iapcf.net
Eiguer Alberto (2008) Can the word perversion be used when talking about adolescence? Journal of the Holland Psychoanalytic Association.
Eiguer Alberto (2009) Family narcissism, International Review of Couple and Family Psychoanalysis, 2, www.iapcf.net
Eiguer Alberto (2009) Fear of Freedom and Violence within Families, International Review of Couple and Family Psychoanalysis, 3, www.iapcf.net
Eiguer Alberto (2009) Filiation and adoption : interrelated thoughts, International Review of Couple and Family Psychoanalysis, 5, www.iapcf.net
Evans, C., Grier, F., Lanman, M. (2003) Objectivity in Psychoanalytic Assessment of Couple Relationships British Journal of Psychiatry 182 255-260
Fader, J. (1982) The Transitional Person: Understanding Infidelity Marriage Guidance 20 2 75-80
Seeks to draw a parallel between Winnicott’s explanation of the transitional object and the way one person uses a third party to leave a relationship when their own needs have changed while those of their partner have remained the same.
Ferreira, A. J. (1963): Family myths and homeostasis. Arch. Gen. Psychiat., 9: 457-463.
Fisher, J. (1993) The Impenetrable Other: Abmivalence and the Oedipal Conflict in Work with Couples In: Ruszczynski, S., Ed. Psychotherapy with Couples London: Karnac Books
This paper explores a common dynamic in couples who are caught in a frustrating relationship which can end in hopeless despair and finally separation. It focuses on the experience of not being able to get through to be impenetrable other and explores how this is rooted in a failure to come to terms with the emotions of the three-person Oedipal conflict.
Fisher, J. (1995) In Discussion with Donald Meltzer In: Ruszczynski, S. and Fisher, J., Ed.^Eds Intrusiveness and Intimacy in the Couple London: Karnac Books
Fisher, J. (1995) and Ruszczynski, S. Introduction In: Ruszczynski, S. and Fisher, J., Eds Intrusiveness and Intimacy in the Couple London: Karnac Books
Fisher, J., Crandell, L.E. (1997) Complex Attachment: Patterns of Relating in the Couple Sexual and Marital Therapy 12 3 211-223
This paper offers a preliminary description of a model of complex attachment in adult couple relationships that encompasses attachment theory and an object relations approach to couple functioning. The authors draw on the theorectical and empirical bases of the Strange Situation Test, the Adult Attachment Interview and data from a TMSI pilot study to formulate patterns of complex attachment. A conceptualisation of couple functioning is offered which allows for both the fixed and reciprocal ways in which one partner may act as the attachment figure for the other.
Fisher, J. (1999) The Univited Guest: Emerging from Narcissism Towards Marriage and Marital Therapy London: Karnac.
This book brings together the insights of psychoanalysis and their application to work with troubled couples with an original and closely argued reading of some classic plays about marriage. Marriage is conceptualised as ‘the inheritor of the tension and the intimacy of the Oedipal drama’, making the couple relationship a potent place for therapeutic intervention, as well as for exploration in drama.
Flugel, S. (1921): The psycho-analytic study of the family. London, Hogarth Press.
Forehand, R. (1993): Family psychopathology and child functioning. J. Child and family studies, 2:num 2, pp. 79-85
Framo, J.L. (1991): Family-of-origin therapy. An intergenerational approach. New York, Brunner-Mazel Publishers.
Grier, F., Ed. (2001) Brief Encounters with Couples: Some Analytic Perspectives. London: Karnac Books.
Grier, F. (2001) No Sex Couples, Catastrophic Change and the Primal Scene British Journal of Psychotherapy
In this paper, Francis Grier investigates some of the problems faced by the couple and the clinician when the presenting problem is that the couple do not have sex. The paper focuses on exploring the difference against the pain that ensues from unconsciously facing the primal scene aspect of the Oedipus situation, and how the proposal of dismantling these defences feels catastrophic to certain couples. The paper discusses the theoretical dimension of these cases and of how a clinical understanding of the problems can help some couples work through these problems.
Grier, F. and Lanman, M. (2003) Evaluation of Change in Couple Functioning: a Psychoanalytic Perspective Sexual and Relationship Therapy 18 1
Haldane, D. and Vincent, C. (1998) Threesomes in Psychodynamic Couple Psychotherapy Sexual and Marital Therapy 13 4 385-396
The paper seeks to unravel some of the reasons why threesome therapy with couples is relatively under-reported when compared to the literature on co-therapy with couples. They suggest that the dynamics of threesome relationships undermine the thinking capacity of therapists working in this mode. It is difficult for the single therapist to establish a satisfactory working distance from the client couple because it revives oedipal anxieties.
Haldane, D. and Vincent, C. (1998) The Zone Therapist, the Couple and Their Problem: Reflection on Threesomes Bulletin of the Society of Psychoanalytical Marital Psychotherapists 5 10-17
Douglas Haldane, who is an honorary member of SPMP, collaborated with Christopher Vincent in writing this paper which seeks to unravel some of the reasons why threesome therapy with couples is relatively under-reported when compared to the literature on co-therapy with couples. They suggest that the dynamics of threesome relationships undermine the thinking capacity of therapists working in this mode. It is difficult for the single therapist to establish a satisfactory working distance from the client couple because it revives oedipal anxieties. Feelings of exclusion, on the one hand, or being overwhelmed on the other, are commonly encountered. Feelings of shame may also be elicited if the focus on the couple is lost and alliances with one of the clients at the expense of the other are made.
Haldane, D. and Vincent, C. (1999) Threesomes in Psychodynamic Couple Psychotherapy Sexual and Marital Therapy 13 4 385-396
There is a dearth of literature on the implications for therapists working on their own with both spouses or partners (threesomes) and even less on their dynamics as a three-person system. This paper seeks to fill a gap in the literature and to explore some aspects of the experience of working in this mode. The paper places current threesome practice in context by locating it within the overall development of couple psychotherapy and counselling in the UK and by referring to important texts in the professional and research literature. The authors suggest that two major difficulties inherent in threesome couple work explain why professional reflection is absent in this area of practice. First, the emotional power of couple dynamics can result in the therapist feeling either overwhelmed or, alternatively, excluded. In both cases the capacity for professional self-reflection is either minimal or attacked. Second, therapists working on their own may experience shame when their focus on the couple is lost and alliances with one partner at the expense of the other are formed.
Hewison, D. (2001) Review of Hauke, C. ‘Jung and the Postmodern’. Routledge, London Journal of Analytical Psychology 46 3 535-538
Hewison, D. (2003) ‘Oh Rose, Thou Art Sick!’: Anti-Individuation Forces in the Film ‘American Beauty’ Journal of Analytical Psychology 48 683-704
The film American Beauty is used as a vehicle to explore difficulties in the individuation process, to look at a particular aspect of couple relationships in which mourning is avoided, and to make a general comment about the relationship between film and psychological experience. The thesis of the paper is that the individuation process is both an intra-psychic experience and inter-psychic one which relies on relationships with external figures to enable development. The adult couple relationship is taken as one of the key areas of emotional life for the individuation process and as an area that cab best show up false starts, successes, or even retreats in psychological development. Using the poetry of William Blake and the work of Michael Fordham, I show a process of anti-individuation going on in the relationship between the characters of Lester and Carolyn Burnham in the film.
Hewison, D. (2003) Review of Casement, P. ‘Learning From Our Mistakes: Beyond Dogma in Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy’.  Hove, Brunner-Routledge Journal of Analytical Psychology 48 729-30
Hewison, D. (2003) Review of Gunn, D.  ‘Wool Gathering or How I Ended Analysis’.  Hove, Brunner-Routledge Journal of Analytical Psychology 48 1 124-125
Hewison, D. (2003) Review of Mathers, D., ‘An Introduction to Meaning and Purpose in Analytical Psychology’. Hove, Brunner-Routledge Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice 76 1 103-104
Hewison, D. (2003) Searching for the Facts in the Clinical Setting with Couples Journal of Analytical Psychology 48 341-354
This paper describes a research proposal to examine whether or not the underlying analytic concepts behind the couple psychoanalytic psychotherapy model used at the Tavistock Marital Studies Institute in London are sufficiently coherent, both conceptually and clinically, to be used as the basis for a system of audit which respects the unique data produced in analytic psychotherapy. This ‘psychoanalytic’ system of audit is one which is characterised particularly by the use of the therapists’ subjectivity, rather than attempts to be objective and gather data through such things as random controlled trials or generic outcome questionnaires. The paper describes the approach to the subject and the mix of qualitative and quantitative methods used. As the Tavistock Marital Studies Institute has a history of contact with Jungian analysts from the Society of Analytical Psychology, Jungian concepts are included in the model. The research is part of a professional doctorate in couple psychoanalytic psychotherapy at the Tavistock Marital Studies in conjunction with the University of East London, entitled ‘Conceptualising audit in Couple Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy’.
Hewison, D. (2004) Critical Review of Shamdasani, S., ‘Jung and the making of modern psychology: the dream of a science’.  Cambridge, Cambridge University Press Journal of Analytical Psychology 49 4 576-581
Hewison, D. (2005) Sex and the Imagination in Therapy and Supervision Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Couple Work 1 72-87
This paper explores links between sex and the imagination. It looks at a contemporary Kleinian view of the place of the primal scene in adult mental and imaginative life, and critiques the use that the British psycho-analyst, Ron Britton, makes of the French philosopher of the imagination, Gaston Bachelard, in support of his view that it is the ‘other room’ in the mind where the parents are imagined to be having sex. I suggest that Britton has narrowed-down the implications of Bachelard’s thinking, and that it is more akin to Jungian conceptions of the imagination than psycho-analytic ones.  This echoes the differences between Jung’s case study of a child, ‘Anna’ and Freud’s ‘Little Hans’. I illustrate this with an extended clinical example from a supervision of a couple therapy with a couple who are experiencing striking difficulties in consummating their marriage.  I conclude with a reflection on the impact of the imagination on the supervisory relationship as well as on the couple relationship.
Hewison, D. (2006) Art and the human psyche in a changing world. Journal of the British Association of Psychotherapists. 44 (1) 68-75
This paper is part of a public lecture series run by the British Association of Psychotherapists aimed at exploring contemporary issues in the modern world.  It was delivered in conjunction with a presentation by the artist and art-critic Mathew Collings. It focused on two different things: firstly, some thoughts and questions about the nature of the artistic process from the point of view of a paper by CG. Jung on artistic creation, and secondly, the problems that art faces us with today. These are – how to determine what is art and what is not; how to encourage more of it; and how to understand what it has to say to us.
Hewison, D. (2006) Contribution to a Review of the Role of Dreams in Couple Therapy: “La Vita Onirica nella coupia e nalla Famiglia” Interazioni – Clinica e Ricerca Psicoanalitica su Individuo-coppia-famiglia 2 26 63-64
Hewison, D. (2006) Journal Review of Casement, P., “The Emperors New Clothes: Some serious problems in psychoanalytic training” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 2005, 86, Part IV, pp.1143-60 Journal of Analytical Psychology 51 4 607-609
Hewison, D. (2006) Psychothérapie psychanalytique de couple au Tavistock Centre for Couple Relationships, à Londres Dialogue. Recherches Cliniques et Sociologiques sur le Couple et la Famille Thérapie psychanalytique 2 53 – 72
Cet article décrit le développement de l’approche psychanalytique de la thérapie de couple au Tavistock Centre for Couple Relationships (auparavant Tavistock Marital Studies Institute). Il donne un aperçu de quelques théories clés et de la pratique consistant à recevoir les couples en co-thérapie. La notion de “faits Cliniques” est utilisée en lien avec le fragment d’une recherche clinique qui permet d’éclairer différentes perspectives de cette thérapie psychanalytique.
Hewison, D. (2006) Supervising Couple Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy: A View from the Tavistock Centre for Couple Relationships British Association for Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Supervision Newsletter December 2-5
This short paper gives an overview of the distinctive tradition of training and thinking in staff supervision and its links to the supervision of clinical work with couples. In particular it focuses on the need to think about the setting of the work, the reflection process between the work and the supervision (including in group discussion of practice), and the need to focus on the supervisee’s professional rather than personal development. It ends with a suggestion about how the supervisor may need to change the way they supervise as the supervisee develops.
Hewison, D. (2007) The Power of Our Attachment to Theory – Or Oedipus meets Ganesh. In: Ludlam, M. and Nyberg, V., Eds. Couple Attachments: Theoretical and Clinical Studies London: Karnac
Hewison, D. (2008) Journal Review of Target, M. ‘Is our sexuality our own? A developmental model of sexuality based on early affect mirroring’, British Journal of Psychotherapy, October 2007, 23, 4, pp 517-30 Journal of Analytical Psychology 53 4 580-582
Hewison, D. (2008) Review of Glocer Fiorini, L., Bokanowski, T. & Lewkowicz, S. (Eds). On Freud’s ‘Mourning and Melancholia’. London: International Psychoanalytic Association, 2007. Pp. 240. Journal of Analytical Psychology 53 3 449-450
Hewison, D. (2009) Power versus Love in Sadomasochistic Couple Relationships In: Clulow, C., Ed. Sex, Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy: Psychoanalytic Perspectives London: Karnac
Houzel, D. (1996) The family envelope and what happens when it is torn. Int. J. Psycho-anal., 77: 901.
Huffington, C. and Fisher, J. (1990) The ‘Bringing Forth’ of Learning Context Winter 1990/1991 7 22-27
This dialogue explores an experience of attempting to teach ‘systematically’ on a two year introductory course in family therapy at the Tavistock Clinic. ‘Teaching’ is seen as the providing of an interactive context for learning by experience rather than as the imparting of information about something.
Hughes, L. and Pengelly, P. (1994) Who Cares if the Room is Cold? Practicalities, Projections and the Trainer’s Authority In: Yelloly, M. Ed. Learning and Teaching in Social Work London: Jessica Kingsley Publications
Trainers are often the recipients of feelings and beliefs which course participants normally experience towards ‘authority’ in their work place. This is heightened in contemporary conditions of rapid organisational change. The struggle to identify and understand such interactions may provide the core experience that enables learning to be transferred to the work-setting.
Hughes, L. and Pengelly, P. (1997) Staff Supervision in a Turbulent Environment London: Jessica Kingsley.
After many years of teaching on and developing TMSI’s staff supervision courses, Lynette Hughes and Paul Pengelly, until recently senior staff members of TMSI, have written an invaluable book based on this work. Focuses on the interaction between supervisor and supervisee in the agency context and explores the interdependence of task and process in supervision. There are numerous examples from practice, and the book is highly welcome to current staff of the TMSI.
Isaacs, M. B., Montalvo, B. and Abelsohn, D. (1986): The difficult divorce. Therapy for children and families. New York, Basic Books.
Judd, D. and Erskine, A., Eds. (1996) The Imaginative Body – Psychodynamic Therapy in Healthcare. New Jersey: Jason Aronson.
Judd, D. (1997) Mourning Journal of Fertility Counselling 4 2 19-20
This paper briefly explores the mourning process: from the infant’s processing of inevitable losses to adult bereavement and its reverberations in the inner world. Obstacles to this normal process are considered. This abridged paper was part of a presentation to the British Infertility Counselling Association, and was clearly relevant to the couples facing infertility.
Judd, D. (1997) A Psychoanalytic Understanding of the Child with Cancer Newsletter of the Psychological Oncology Society 6-8
This article explains how a psychoanalytic approach adds depth and breadth to the understanding of the child with cancer. It briefly looks at the impact of trauma; the parental function for the seriously ill child which the author conceptualises as a ‘protective filter’; the application of ‘containment’; institutional defenses; the impact of separation; mourning, and contains a bibliography of over thirty titles.
Judd, D. (1997) Understanding the Inner World of the Child Magazine of the Family Therapy Association of Ireland 7 1 24-27
This paper briefly traces the development of the infant’s inner world, from before birth, through to the development of phantasy, symbolisation, and play. Brief examples of children’s struggles to make sense of the world are given, followed by a brief look at the psychic tasks of adolescence and some ways in which they can break down. This paper was delivered as part of a workshop on the Inner World of the Child given in Dublin in October 1996.
Judd, D. and Cudmore, L. (1997) The Impact of Child’s Death on the Parent’s Relationship In: Ed. A Portrait of Family Grief: Babies, Children, Trauma, Grief and Crisis London: Child Bereavement Trust
This paper discusses some preliminary thoughts about the impact of a child’s death on the parent’s relationship as a couple. When the paper was written, the research project that focused on this theme was still in its early stages. The paper looks broadly at the difficulties couples face when both partners are grieving as a result of traumatic loss, and when they mourn in different ways. The ideas were illustrated with two clinical examples.
Judd, D. (2000) The Never Land – Loss of an Idealised Pre-birth Place and the Gain of a Thinking Mind Journal of Child Psychotherapy 26 2 235-257
Judd, D. (2001) ‘To Walk the Last Bit on My Own’ – Narcissistic Independence or Identification with Good Objects Journal of Child Psychotherapy
Kahr, B. (2009) Psychoanalysis and Sexpertise In: Clulow, C., Ed. Sex, Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy: Psychoanalytic Perspectives London: Karnac
Kernberg, O. (1995): Love relations. Normality and pathology. New Haven, Yale Univ. Press..
Laing, R. (1959): Mistification, confusion and conflict. In: Boszormenyi Nagy, I. & Framo, J. L.: Intensive family therapy. Hagerstown, Md., Harper & Row.
Laing, R.: (1961): Self and others. London, Tavistock Publications..
Laing, R. (1967): Family and Individual structure. In: Lomas, P. (ed.): The predicament of the family. New York, the International Psychoanalytic Library, International University Press, pp. 107-125
Laing, R. (1971): The politics of the family and other essays. London, Tavistock Publications.
Lanman, M. (1998) The Human Container: Containment as an Active Process Psychodynamic Counselling 4 4 463-472
This paper reviews the use of the concept of containment in social work and counselling, and aims to clarify its original psychoanalytic meaning. Different uses of the term are discussed, and it is argued that the concept has become weakened in its widespread application. Examples are provided to illustrate the need for active work to make sense of what is presented by clients, as opposed to passover receptivity.
Lanman, M. (1998) Seeing Couples Counselling 9 3 217-218
The paper illustrates how couples can present for help by describing three brief case vignettes. In the first case where the couple were seen together, all the difficulties were located in the “useless” partner. In the second example, the author shows how the “here and now” of the transference could be used to help the client with a couple relationship at home. Finally, the last vignette illustrates how a couple’s psychic equilibrium or defense can be maintained even when a substantial shift in behavior takes place in the relationship.
Lanman, M. (1999) Clinical Commentary British Journal of Psychotherapy 16 1 81-93
Monica Lanman wrote one of three commentaries on an anonymous piece of clinical work with a couple. This is a detailed textual commentary from a clinical perspective, noting the points at which material could have been taken up in transference, the clues to the transference in the text and the consequences of not thinking about the session in this way.
Lanman, M. (2003) Assessment for Couple Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy British Journal of Psychotherapy 19 3
A therapist assessing with a view to couple psychoanalytic psychotherapy needs to hold several potentially conflicting points of view in mind simultaneously. Firstly the therapist attends to the experience of the session as an interaction with the ‘shared internal world’ of the couple, in the present, seeking to understand the dynamic meaning of whatever happens in the course of the meeting. At the same time the assessor needs to explore the question of appropriateness of different possible treatments, which may necessitate explicitly seeking certain kinds of information, relating, for example, to early experience or to risk assessment.
The various points of view can be felt to be in conflict with each other, and I suggest that different parts of this complex enterprise are unfamiliar to, and may be neglected by different professional groups.
Lanman, M., and Grier, F. (2003) Evaluating Change in Couple Functioning: a Psychoanalytic Perspective Sexual and Relationship Therapy 18 1 13-24
To date, most measures used to assess couples’ relationships have been based on self-report by each individual, without a formula for reaching a combined ‘couple score’. On the other hand, there are a few ‘observational’ measures which assess the interaction between partners on the basis of taped interviews with couples. These instruments tend to be tightly tied to overt verbal sequences of behavior. Both these approaches have been applied predominantly to the study of cognitive behavioral or eclectic therapies, although providing some research evidence that the more ‘insight orientated’ approaches achieve more lasting change. The authors wished to find or develop a measure which could explore the quality of change resulting from different types of therapy, including ‘insight orientated’ approaches. In particular, an instrument is needed which can pick up the type of changes sought by psychoanalytically orientated therapy, since these may not show a simple correlation with established self-report or observational measures. A measure is discussed which evaluates the aspects of interaction of which the couple may be unaware, using clinical inference as well as observation.
Lanman, M., Grier, F. and Evans, C. (2003) Objectivity in Psychoanalytic Assessment of Couple Relationships British Journal of Psychiatry 182 255-260
Psychoanalytic couple psychotherapists are concerned with aspects of couples’ functioning that the couple initially may be unaware of. This form of therapy aims to facilitate change in the relationship between the partners. It focuses not simply on partners as individuals and not only on the conscious and rational level, but also on the interaction between partners that operates unconsciously, which, if not engaged with, can interfere powerfully with the possibility of lasting change. The approach considers a couple’s relationship in terms of how the functioning of the two individuals can be perceived as fitting together to form one predominant joint mode of relating. This paper describes the trial of a measure that assesses this shared underlying ‘fit’. Such assessment requires that the assessor is trained in perceiving unconscious processes, both in themselves and in their patients, and also is accustomed to thinking of couples as a unit in this sense.
Lanman, M. (2004) SThe painful truth In: Grier, F., Ed. Oedipus and the Couple London: Karnac
Lanman, M. (2005) Come essere uno in ude: la terapia psicoanalitica di coppia. Ricerca Psicoanalitica XVI 2
Lanman, M. (2006) Working with Couples Healthcare Counselling and Psychotherapy Journal April 18-20
This article discusses the reasons for and difficulties involved in seeing couples together. It presents some theoretical ideas about couple functioning. It aims to interest counsellors in health settings in becoming more ‘couple minded’
Lidz, Th. (1992): The relevance of the family to psychoanalytic theory. Madison, Connecticut, Int. Univ. Press.
Losso, R. (2003): Divorce terminable and interminable. A psychoanalytic and interdisciplinary approach”. Journal of Applied Psychoanalytical Studies. 5, 3, p. 321.
Losso, R. (2006): Intrapsychic, Interpsychic and Transpsychic Communication. In New Paradigms for treating relationships; (ed. Scharff,  J. S. and Scharff, D.) Lanham, MD, Janson Aronson, pp- 33-42
Losso, R., Packciarz losso, A. (2006): Divorce Terminable and Interminable. In New Paradigms for treating relationships; (ed. Scharff,  J. S. and Scharff, D.) Lanham, MD, Janson Aronson, pp. 119-131
Losso, R., Packciarz losso, A. (2007): Transgenerational repeating, transgenerational working-through, the shared family unconscious working-through fantasy. Presented at the panel “Remembering, Repeating and Working Through in Psychoanalytic Family Therapy”. 45th. IPA Congress, Berlin
Mattinson, J. (1982) The Deadly Equal Triangle In:Change and Renewal in Psychodynamic Social Work: British and American Developments in Practice and Education for Services to Families and Children. Massachusetts/London: Smith College School of Social Work & the Group for Advancement of Psychotherapy in Social Work
This paper highlights the triangular relationship between client, practitioner and supervisor which requires flexibility of movement between the three parties, one party being able to allow temporary pairings of the other two. The problem for any supervisor is in knowing when to intrude and when to be excluded.
Mattinson, J. (1985) The Effects of Abortion on Marriage In: Abortion: Medical Progress and Social Implications London: CIBA Foundation
This paper draws on the experiences of couples who sought help for their troubled marriages after an abortion had affected their relationships.
Mattinson, J. (1988) Work, Love and Marriage: The Impact of Unemployment London: Duckworth.
An exploration of the psychological meanings invested in different kinds of work by individuals and couples, it shows how some jobs like some marriages, may be used to contain emotional conflicts. The loss of work is considered in this context, and the special difficulties of those employed to help the unemployed are discussed. A teaching video has been based on the book.
Mattinson, J. (1997) The Deadly Equal Triangle London: Tavistock Marital Studies Institute.
Meltzer, D., Harris, M. (1983): Child, family and community: a psycho-analytic model of the learning process. París, O. E. C. D.
Meltzer, D. (1986): Studies on extended metapsychology. London, Ronald Harris.
Morgan, M. (1992) Therapist Gender and Psychoanalytic Couple Psychotherapy Sexual and Marital Therapy 7 2 141-156
The psychoanalytic literature on the significance of therapist gender for individual patients is reviewed and considered in relation to couple psychotherapy. Clinical examples are discussed, and the paper concludes that therapist gender in couple psychotherapy is significant, particularly in the sequence in which transference develops and key issues can be worked with; the therapeutic opportunities for the couple are maximised by the provision of a male/female pair of co-therapists.
Morgan, M. (1995) The Projective Gridlock: A Form of Projective Identification in Couple Relationships In: Ruszczynski, S. and Fisher, J., Eds Intrusiveness and Intimacy in the Couple London: Karnac Books
In this chapter the term ‘projective gridlock’ is used to describe the kind of couple relationship in which the couple has a problem in feeling psychically separate and different from each other.
The way projective identification is used to create this kind of relationship is explored. It is suggested that a different kind of ‘unconscious choice of partner’ is made, than that usually understood. Clinical material is presented and technical issues considered.
Morgan, M. F., J., Ed. (1997) Sexualities and the Couple.
Morgan, M. (2004) On being able to be a couple: the importance of a “creative couple” in psychic life In: Grier, F., Ed. Oedipus and the Couple London: Karnac
Morgan, M. (2005) Assessing couples for psychoanalytic psychotherapy Mellanrummet 12
Morgan, M. (2007) What Does Ending Mean in Couple Psychotherapy? Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Couple Work 3 50-62
Morgan, M. and Freedman, J. (2009) From Fear of Intimacy to Perversion In: Clulow, C., Ed. Sex, Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy: Psychoanalytic Perspectives London: Karnac
Morley R E. (1975), Sleeping as a Marital Myth. Marriage  Guidance (March/April)
Morley R E. (1984), Intimate Strangers.  London, The Family Welfare Association.
Morley R E. (1984), The Concept of the Transitional Object.  Journal of Social Work Practice.
Morley R E. with E O Morley. (1986), Conjugal Dreams. Marriage Guidance (Autumn)
Morley R E. (1988), Letters to an Absent Patient Journal of the BAP, 19.
Morley R E. (1993), Two Fictional Marriages. Journal of the BAP   No 25
Morley R E. (1998), Two Marriages in Fiction. in Women, Men & Marriage. Sheldon  Press.
Morley R E. (2000), The Self–Blinding of Œdipus and the Theory of Repression. Psychoanalytic Studies, 2, 2
Morley, E. (2005)The Importance of Sibling Relationships in Psychoanalytic Therapy with Couples
Morley, E. (2005) Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Couple Work (An International Publication), Society of Couple Psychoanalytic Psychotherapists London, 1.
Morley R E. (2006), A Couple Therapist looks at the Wolf Man,  Psychoanalytical Perspectives in Couple Work.
Morley, E. (2006). The influence of sibling relationships on couple choice and development: P.Coles (Ed.), Sibling Relationships.  London: Karnac.
Morley, E (2006) The Supervision of Couple Therapy, The British Association of Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Supervision. Newsletter
Morley, E. (2007) When Siblings become Couples, V Nyberg and M Ludlam (Eds), Couple Attachments London: Karnac
Morley R E. (2007), The Analysand’s Tale. London, Karnac Books
Muir, R. C. (1982): The family, the group, transpersonal processes and the individual. Int. Rev. Psycho-anal, 9: 317-326.
Nicolò A.M., Ricciotti V. (1998). Dream and Family, Funzione Gamma Journal, 2, ottobre 1999, www.funzionegamma.edu
Nicolò A.M., Norsa D., Carratelli T. (2003). Playing with dreams: The introduction of a third party into the transference dynamic of the couple,Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 5(3): 283-296.
Nicolò A.M. (2006). Folie à Deux as a Model for Transpersonal Disorders. In: Scharff J.S, Scharff D.E. (eds). New Paradigms for Treating Relationships. Lanham: Jason Aronson, pp. 77-85.
Nicolò A.M. (2006). The Family and Psychosis: Transpersonal Pathologies. In: Scharff J.S, Scharff D.E. (eds).New Paradigms for Treating Relationships. Lanham: Jason Aronson, pp. 63-76.
Nicolò A.M. (2007). A family remembers: transpersonal defences and traumas in the family, International Review of Psychoanalysis of Couple and Family, 1, www.
Nicolò A.M. (2007). Transforming the relation : Interpretation in the psychoanalytical psychotherapy of couples, International Review of Psychoanalysis of Couple and Family, 2, www.
Nicolò A.M. (2008). The generational roots of violence in youth, International Review of Psychoanalysis of Couple and Family, 1, www.
Novakovic, A. (2008) Service Evaluation of Multidisciplinary Therapy on an Acute Psychiatric Ward Mental Health Review Journal 13 3 32-39
Oberndorf, C. P. (1938): Psychoanalysis of married couples. Psychoanalytic Review, 25:453.
Olney, F. and Wheeler, J. (1999) Supervision Within a Creative Partnership Professional Social Work 10-11
This account, jointly written by a manager from Westminster Social Services and the TMSI trainer, describes an eight-year partnership between the two organisations during which a supervision programme was delivered to first line managers in the Children and Families Division. The importance of the partnership between Westminster’s management and TMSI is acknowledged as being central to the success of the work.
Olney, F. (2001) The Counsellor and the Couple Counselling in Practice 7 1 7

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