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Vmlinux Ltd Ipv4 Assignment Satisfaction

Plc 9401 GB00B02TF094 EIL-GB Equity Pre-IPO Investments 9402 GB00B02TTS55 IPI-GB Invesco Property Income Trust Ltd. 9403 GB00B02TW206 PTG-GB Planestation Group Plc 9404 GB00B02TW537 CHR-GB Chelford Group 9405 GB00B02VD566 LPI-GB Langley Park Investment Trust 9406 GB00B02Y7V92 WYK-GB Wyndham York Plc 9407 GB00B02YHV99 RHEP-GB Rheochem Plc 9408 GB00B0305S97 BEG-GB Begbies Traynor Group 9409 GB00B030GD19 NMT-GB Nmt Group Plc 9410 GB00B030JP46 LRM-GB Lombard Risk Management 9411 GB00B030LW50 CWO-GB China Wonder Ltd. 9412 GB00B030M221 PSH-GB Pearl Street Holdings Plc 9413 GB00B0310540 CHAM-GB Chameleon Trust 9414 GB00B0310763 CLL-GB Cello Group Plc 9415 GB00B0315W65 PNX-GB Phoenix IT Group 9416 GB00B031HV98 ADE-GB Addleisure Plc 9417 GB00B0335117 JLF-GB Jelf Group Plc 9418 GB00B0335224 HLL-GB Hill Station Plc 9419 GB00B033F229 CNA-GB Centrica 9420 GB00B0346S80 MED-GB MicrEmissive Displays Group Plc 9421 GB00B034QT98 DLG-GB Delling Group Plc 9422 GB00B034R743 MXM-GB Maxima Holdings Plc 9423 GB00B0351429 CWR-GB Ceres Power Holdings Plc 9424 GB00B0358H47 CSH-GB Caspian Holdings Plc 9425 GB00B0358N07 EMR-GB Empresaria Group 9426 GB00B035CB69 JSP-GB Jessops 9427 GB00B035JB54 IDO-GB Idmos Plc 9428 GB00B035PZ17 INT-GB International Medical Devices Plc 9429 GB00B037D647 XPT-GB Xploite Plc 9430 GB00B0381Z20 SNG-GB Synairgen Plc 9431 GB00B0391S84 TPH-GB Telephonetics Plc 9432 GB00B0394F60 MTL-GB Metals Exploration Plc 9433 GB00B03B0Z42 Clerkenwell Ventures Plc 9434 GB00B03CJS30 EOG-GB Europe Oil & Gas (Holdings) Plc 9435 GB00B03CKQ88 SUB-GB SubSea Resources Plc 9436 GB00B03GVM36 EPA-GB Enterpriseasia 9437 GB00B03H8F86 GSH-GB GSH Group Plc 9438 GB00B03HDJ73 STOB-GB Westbury Property Fund Ltd. 9439 GB00B03HFG82 VDM-GB Van Dieman Mines Plc 9440 GB00B03HK741 UKR-GB Ukproduct group Ltd 9441 GB00B03JF317 MVW-GB Mavinwood Plc 9442 GB00B03KMJ93 EUI-GB Emerging UK Investments Plc 9443 GB00B03KV585 CWM-GB Cornwell Management Consultants Plc 9444 GB00B03MLX29 RDSA-GB Royal Dutch Shell Group Plc 9445 GB00B03T1L15 CFG-GB Careforce Group Plc 9446 GB00B03TH577 ACU-GB African Copper Plc 9447 GB00B03THB32 ATV-GB Antonov Plc 9448 GB00B03VVN93 GGT-GB Global Gaming Technologies Plc 9449 GB00B03W5P29 KLN-GB Berkeley Scott Group Plc 9450 GB00B03W6Y84 AST-GB Ascent Resources Plc 9451 GB00B03WBP45 KYS-GB Kryso Resources Plc 9452 GB00B03XK508 CDL-GB Cardinal Resources Plc 9453 GB00B03XLZ73 SOV-GB SovGEM 9454 GB00B03XM769 PRG-GB Premier Research Group Plc 9455 GB00B040K612 RAY-GB Raymarine plc 9456 GB00B040L800 STAF-GB Staffline Recruitment Group 9457 GB00B041XY36 SYNC-GB Synchronica Plc 9458 GB00B043J741 AND-GB Andor Technology Plc 9459 GB00B046T172 MMS-GB Maghreb Minerals Plc 9460 GB00B046YG73 MAI-GB Maintel 9461 GB00B047X073 HCEG-GB Healthcare Enterprise Group 9462 GB00B0480T85 MGN-GB Magna Investments Plc 9463 GB00B0486M37 GOAL-GB Goals Soccer Centres Plc 9464 GB00B049FG32 ARG-GB ArmorGroup International plc 9465 GB00B04C8N02 GLN-GB Glen Group Plc 9466 GB00B04M0Q71 SBE-GB Sibir Energy 9467 GB00B04M1L91 CLF-GB Cluff Gold Ltd 9468 GB00B04M6N60 IHP-GB Intellego Holdings Plc 9469 GB00B04M7K05 MDL-GB MedOil Plc 9470 GB00B04NK713 VDS-GB Vividas Group 9471 GB00B04NP100 LTHM-GB Latham James 9472 GB00B04PYL99 BLVN-GB BowLeven Plc 9473 GB00B04QKW59 BGY-GB British Energy Group Plc 9474 GB00B04QS651 CYH-GB Cybit Hldgs 9475 GB00B04QT956 PYC-GB Physiomics Plc 9476 GB00B04SLR38 PELE-GB Petrolatina Energy Plc 9477 GB00B04V1276 GRI-GB Grainger Plc 9478 GB00B04WW503 ASP-GB Ascribe Plc 9479 GB00B04X1Q77 SND-GB Sanderson Group Plc 9480 GB00B04X3056 LNX-GB Lennox Holdings Plc 9481 GB00B04XB679 AEC-GB Aec Education Plc 9482 GB00B0519R74 BFG-GB Beaufort Group 9483 GB00B053B440 ZTR-GB Zetar Plc 9484 GB00B0562405 CLA-GB Cordillera Resources Plc 9485 GB00B0586C20 SEV-GB Servision Plc 9486 GB00B058DS79 SAL-GB Spaceandpeople Plc 9487 GB00B058TT05 BPD-GB Bulgarian Property Developments Plc 9488 GB00B05H0S35 CTC-GB Crescent Technology Ventures Plc 9489 GB00B05HSB23 RIFT-GB Rift Oil Plc 9490 GB00B05J4D26 UCG-GB United Carpets Group Plc 9491 GB00B05JJT30 SNO-GB Sino-Asia Mining & Resources Co Plc 9492 GB00B05JYJ82 LAT-GB La Tasca Group Plc 9493 GB00B05K7697 CART-GB Carter & Carter Group Plc 9494 GB00B05KL904 FCPT-GB F&C Commercial Property Trust Ltd. 9495 GB00B05KLT09 ADW-GB Addworth Plc 9496 GB00B05KQ069 TRP-GB Tower Resources Plc 9497 GB00B05KXB62 RET-GB Retec Digital Plc 9498 GB00B05KXX82 AN-GB Alternative Networks Plc 9499 GB00B05KYV34 OOM-GB O2 9500 GB00B05KZ102 VLR-GB Voller Energy Group Plc 9501 GB00B05L0T69 PNV5-GB Pennine.

Long factoids (2243 results)

Factoid KeyFactoid Value
multicast ip
C: 1970-01-01
This is a form of TCP/IP being proposed that will allow for high-bandwidth transmissions (like television channels) to be broadcast over the Internet to all the routers in the world (possibly) that are connected to someone watching that channel. To see the benefit, think of 1000 people making separate connections to the USA network (if it were an Internet TV channel--give me some leeway!). Each packet of data sent out would have to be sent to 1000 people. Thus, you have 1000 conversations active between the USA network server and people's machines, each one saying the same thing. That's poor scalability. Now, imagine that in this fantasy network, we only have 10 routers with these 1000 people connected to them. In simplistic terms, you only have to send each packet to 10 places, and each machine downloads packets directly from the router it is connected to. Thus, the USA network server doesn't have to do much work to keep Gary Busey movies going to 1000 people at once, and the rest of the network isn't clogged with all 1000 conversations. However, there's lots of minute details that must be considered, such as how many channels are offered and how much router memory that takes up. How about if no one is watching? That's wasted traffic.
C: 1970-01-01
- To move wildly or violently, without accomplishing anything useful. Also: => Paging or swapping systems that are overloaded waste most of their time moving data into and out of core (rather than performing useful computation) and are therefore said to thrash. Thrashing can also occur in a cache due to cache conflict in a multiprocessor system. => Someone who keeps changing his mind (especially about what to work on next) is said to be thrashing. A person frantically trying to execute too many tasks at once (and not spending enough time on any single task) may also be described as thrashing. From: Larry Crouch (Thanks, Larry!) Geek note: If you're dancing around to White Zombie, you're probably thrashing!
multi-tiered architecture
C: 1970-01-01
This is the most scalable application architecture (over 2-tier and 3-tier). This architecture refers to 4-, 5-, or even higher-tiered architectures. It is the most complex type of architecture, splitting the application and database management tasks into many discrete components. For example, take the 3-tier architecture and change it so that the application logic is separate from the database management system. This gets you to 4-tier architecture. With this structure, you can more easily change one of the tiers without compromising your entire application. To get to five tiers, you could move some of the application logic to the client to optimize performance.
disk striping
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see Also known as disk striping, this form of RAID combines two or more hard drives into a single logical drive. Any data is written in blocks first to one drive, then the next, and so on. A RAID 0 configuration sacrifices redundancy for raw speed. The more drives you use the faster your logical drive will be. The space available on the logical drive is the sum of space on all of the drives used, assuming that all drives are the same size. If drives are of disparate sizes, RAID 0 generally only uses a piece of the drive equal to the smallest drive. Of course, if one drive dies, you lose all of the information on the entire RAID. Use RAID 0 with care.
C: 1970-01-01
(Enhanced BIOS) The EBIOS translates between the partition table limitations of a standard computer BIOS and the IDE limitations to provide up to 8 GB of storage space using the IDE interface. Your computer's BIOS has maximums of 1024 cylinders, 256 heads, and 63 sectors (8 GB). The IDE interface has a maximum of 65536 cylinders, 16 heads, and 256 sectors (128 GB). Put these maximums together (1024 cylinders, 16 heads, and 63 sectors) and you've got a measly 504 MB of data to work with. The EBIOS translates these limitations in such a way that you can actually achieve the BIOS max of 8 GB on one IDE device. Of course, this is just a short term solution.
raid 0
C: 1970-01-01
Also known as disk striping, this form of RAID combines two or more hard drives into a single logical drive. Any data is written in blocks first to one drive, then the next, and so on. A RAID 0 configuration sacrifices redundancy for raw speed. The more drives you use the faster your logical drive will be. The space available on the logical drive is the sum of space on all of the drives used, assuming that all drives are the same size. If drives are of disparate sizes, RAID 0 generally only uses a piece of the drive equal to the smallest drive. Of course, if one drive dies, you lose all of the information on the entire RAID. Use RAID 0 with care.
C: 1970-01-01
Takes something large and makes it smaller. Compression generally comes in two forms, lossy and lossless. Lossy compression is best used on graphics files and sound files. It crunches down the data at a much higher ratio, at the expense of having an image or a sound that isn't quite the same as before it was compressed. In the best scenario the data takes up less space, but the person viewing the graphic or listening to the sound file will not be able to tell. Lossless compression squeezes data down so that at some later date it can be uncompressed and returned to its exact structure. Lossless compression is best used on data files and programs.
disk mirroring
C: 1970-01-01
<reply> see There are two forms of RAID 1: disk duplexing and disk mirroring. Disk mirroring involves two hard drives that are on the same drive controller. The same data is written to both drives, so write operations are slower because you must write data to both drives. Read operations are the same speed, as if you only had one drive. Disk duplexing is much like disk mirroring, but each drive is on a separate controller. This speeds up the normally slow write operations and also adds a level of redundancy, in case one of your controller cards dies. With RAID 1, you get half the space you paid for because you're writing twice as much data.
raid 1
C: 1970-01-01
There are two forms of RAID 1: disk duplexing and disk mirroring. Disk mirroring involves two hard drives that are on the same drive controller. The same data is written to both drives, so write operations are slower because you must write data to both drives. Read operations are the same speed, as if you only had one drive. Disk duplexing is much like disk mirroring, but each drive is on a separate controller. This speeds up the normally slow write operations and also adds a level of redundancy, in case one of your controller cards dies. With RAID 1, you get half the space you paid for because you're writing twice as much data.
zif socket
C: 1970-01-01
(Zero Insertion Force socket) This is a socket designed to accept a PGA chip, such as most common CPUs produced today (e.g., Intel's Pentium, AMD's K6, etc.). The ZIF socket allows you to plug in a PGA chip with no pressure required. This is a big advantage because older sockets required you to push the chip in with equal force on all sides or risk bending the pins. It's not fun to bend pins on the new processor you just bought. I bent some pins once on a dual processor server without a ZIF socket, and luckily I was able to bend them back with some needlenose pliers because I didn't want to have to shell out another $1000.
3-tier architecture
C: 1970-01-01
This architecture splits the user interface from the application logic. The server handles the databasemanagement and application logic. This works out to less complexity at the client and a more scalable application.Additional user interfaces can be added easily because the user interface is the only thing that resides on the client. Forexample, you can easily let customers view data from the Web without changing the application that lets your salespeoplework with their data. The three tiers are basically the application code that resides on the client, the database managementand logic, and finally the database itself.
C: 1970-01-01
(Extended System Configuration Data) This is setup data that is stored in a Plug-and-Play-compatible system BIOS. It consists of the system resource requirements of legacy (non PNP) devices, and the last working configuration of Plug-and-Play-compliant devices. Plug-and-Play devices that have ESCD entries will use the same resources each time the system boots, as long as no new hardware has been added. This ensures a stable configuration. Plug-and-Play OSs such as Windows 95 have access to the ESCD, as you would guess if you've ever manually changed device configurations in Windows 95 (by using the "Device Manager").
C: 1970-01-01
(Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) The TCP/IP suite first saw usage on the original Department of Defense Internet in 1983. Its first implementation was amazingly successful, and it is still THE protocol of the Internet. In fact, it has grown even more and is being used in private networks around the world. TCP/IP is a suite of communications protocols that allows communication between groups of dissimilar computer systems from a variety of vendors. There are other protocols that do similar things, like IPX or NetBEUI, but TCP/IP has the lowest overhead and is supported by almost everything.
cache memory
C: 1970-01-01
Generally a small chunk of fast memory that sits between either 1) a smaller, faster chunk of memory and a bigger, slower chunk of memory, or 2) a processor and a bigger, slower chunk of memory. This is to provide a bridge from something that's comparatively very fast to something that's comparatively slow. Most computers have cache memory that holds some of the information from main memory. When the processor needs the information it takes it from the speedy cache instead of the slower main memory. Cache memory GREATLY increases the speed of a computer by storing data that is most often accessed.
C: 1970-01-01
(Storage Data Acceleration) This technology is being pioneered by Western Digital. The idea behind it is that slower drives such as CD and DVD drives will attach directly to larger, faster hard drives. They'll use a 10-pin connector between the hard drive and the other peripheral, as opposed to the 40-pin IDE connector. A portion of the hard drive will be used as cache for the CD drive or other device. This can speed up CD-ROM drives by 50%-300% depending on what operations are being performed. You will have to buy specialized hard drives and CD drives to take advantage of this technology.
C: 1970-01-01
This is also a protocol for transferring files during direct dial-up communications. So named because it builds on the earlier Xmodem protocol, Ymodem sends data in 1,024-byte blocks and is consequently faster than Xmodem. However, it doesn't work well on noisy phone lines. Ymodem has undergone a few enhancements: Ymodem-Batch can send several files in one session; Ymodem-G drops software error-correction, which speeds up the process by removing the overhead used by error-correction. This works because all modems since the V.32 era have error-correction built into the hardware.
C: 1970-01-01
(Dual Independent Bus) This is the bus architecture between Intel's Pentium II processor, memory, and L2 cache. One bus connects the processor to L2 cache and a second connects the processor to main memory. Having two buses instead of one increases performance over single-bus architectures. In addition the speed of the external L2 cache can scale up independently from the speed of the system bus. This allows for faster cache access. The final feature of the DIB architecture is a pipeline on the cache to the processor bus that allows multiple simultaneous cache requests.
C: 1970-01-01
(Error Checking and Correcting) Generally refers to memory chips, or motherboards that support this type of behavior in full-parity memory chips. ECC memory uses some extra memory on the memory chips for parity information and checks to see whether a memory error has occurred. If a minor memory error occurs, the ECC logic will handle it. With full-parity memory (one step below ECC), you will be alerted of a memory error and your system will stop. With non-parity memory, you will experience random results, usually crashing, and possible data corruption.
C: 1970-01-01
(Extended Industry Standard Architecture) 16-bit ISA was extended to 32-bits and they called it EISA. Pretty creative. But, really, it's generally used only in server machines, and it never caught on because of VL-Bus and PCI. It beats out VL-Bus and PCI because you can have a ton of EISA slots in one machine without any complex wiring. I saw a server box that had 14 of them. VL-Bus and PCI generally support fewer than four slots, and that's a problem if you want to install seven network adapters and five RAID cards. EISA makes it possible.
C: 1970-01-01
(VESA Local bus) This is a 32-bit extension of a 16-bit ISA slot. This architecture predated PCI and allowed users to break the bottleneck that occurred when the ISA bus slowed down graphics speed. It allowed speeds of up to 40 MHz, compared to ISA's measly 8.3 MHz. The fact that it had twice as many pins to transmit data helped out as well. VL-Bus was big on 486-66 machines, when it first came out, but was quickly displaced by PCI. PCI cards have some modest speed advantages and are much smaller. All VL-Bus cards were full-length cards.
C: 1970-01-01
This person types into a computer exactly what a person speaking at a meeting requests of them. The output is displayed on a screen for all to see. The important thing here is that anyone can speak and ask the technographer to type in what they want. The technogropher doesn't type everything that is said, just what the speaker wants them to type. What is typed cannot be changed by anyone but the speaker, even if it makes everyone else angry and has nothing to do with the meeting. Do you see an opportunity for fun here?
C: 1970-01-01
(Joint Photographic Experts Group) This is a method of storing graphic images. It was specifically made for storing more than 256-color images. It compresses pictures much better than the GIF way (GIF is meant to store graphics of 256 colors or less). You can also set the amount of compression you would like for the graphic; however, the higher the compression the less quality the picture has. On the down side, even at 100% quality (or 0% compression) the graphic is not perfect. JPEG files use the extension ".jpg."
analog control
C: 1970-01-01
An analog control changes value in non-discrete steps. You can tune an analog control to non-distinct values. In some cases, like for volume, analog controls are better. Have you ever used a digital volume control on a new TV, and one setting is too loud while the other is too soft? You just can't get it in between. However, for channel tuning where values change by fixed steps, a digital control is much better. You just don't need to get in between channel 4 and 5. Also see Digital Control.
clock cycle
C: 1970-01-01
Think of a clock cycle as one tick of the second hand (but generally at a much higher speed). Computer clocks run voltage through a tiny crystal that oscillates at a predictable speed to give a meaningful timing method to the computer. One clock cycle doesn't necessarily mean that the processor does one operation. Today's high-end processors often complete more than one operation per clock cycle, and sometimes, in the worst cases, it will take several clock cycles to complete one operation.
C: 1970-01-01
If the actual value is 4.321 and you say that it is 4.30, then you are precise to 3 places but inaccurate by .021. If a value is represented as a bullseye on a target, a group of guesses or measurements represented by closely grouped points have a high degree of precision. If that group is near the center, it is highly accurate as well. On a bullseye, think of accuracy as how close to the center your arrow hits, and your measurement of precision as how closely you can group your shots.
raid 10
C: 1970-01-01
This form of RAID was originally called RAID 1+0 and is now commonly referred to as RAID 10. This is basically a bunch of RAID 1 drives linked together with RAID 0. Hence, you get the speed benefits of RAID 0 with the redundancy benefits of RAID 1. The only problem is that you use a lot of drives to do it. Like RAID 1, you only get half of the space that you've paid for. Of course, it may be worth it if you can rest easier at night. RAID 10 is generally a bit faster than RAID 5.
32-bit color depth
C: 1970-01-01
Anything that supports 32-bit color supports over 4 billion different colors. Generally, graphics cardssupport up to only 24-bit color because the human eye cannot discern between colors at that level, and you need a lot ofmemory on your graphics card to display 32-bit color at high resolutions. Color scanners, however, often go up to 32-bitcolor depth. This usually results in a better quality scan, even though the color difference between two pixels may not beperceptible.
C: 1970-01-01
(Complex Instruction Set Computer) Intel x86 chips are CISC chips because of the complexity of the instruction set. On the other side of the coin, you have RISC chips that use a reduced instruction set. RISC chips split big operations into lots of simple, tiny instructions that are processed very quickly. Some people argue that RISC chips have the edge. Several Intel competitors such as Cyrix and AMD use RISC chips with CISC converters to compete against Intel's chips.
2-tier architecture
C: 1970-01-01
This term refers to applications that have a code base (1-tier) separate from the database managementsystem (1-tier), such as using Delphi to interact with Microsoft SQL Server (1+1 = 2 tier), for example. The application coderesides on the "fat client" which is used to process data The problem with 2-tier applications is that they become complexand hard to support as the user base increases in size. What may be good for 50 people doesn't work for 300 people.
C: 1970-01-01
This type of mechanism implies that you can remove or add things while the system is running. For example, hard drives and power supplies are often candidates for this term. Normally, they come in special proprietary form factors in server machines and RAID boxes. If you've got mission-critical applications you want your servers to have as many hot swappable components as possible. Recently, servers have been introduced with hot-swappable PCI cards and buses.
C: 2007-12-19
<reply> see (GURU Understands Real Unix) or An expert, especially in "{Unix} guru". Implies not only {wizard} skill but also a history of being a knowledge resource for others. Less often, used (with a qualifier) for other experts on other systems, as in "VMS guru". or what meditates inside Amigas. or it's pointless to ask for a guru in a knowledge field because people being humble, nobody will answer your question. "GUide to Ram Upgrades for (old) Macs"
M: 2010-06-26
<reply>Debian GNU/Linux 5.0.5 was released on June 26th, 2010. This update corrects security problems within the <oldstable> release, along with adjustments for serious problems. Support for Atheros AR8131/AR8132, Broadcom BCM5716/BCM5716S and ServerEngines BladeEngine2/3 Ethernet controllers was introduced. . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
any ideas
M: 2004-04-08
<reply> Yeah, I have an idea! But I'll need a (box|bag|sack|drawer) full of (herring|string|rutabagas|condoms|ground beef), a little (cod liver oil|K-Y jelly|WD-40|thermal paste|sauerkraut|vegemite), and (42|a dozen|5 or 6|a handful of) (rabid|starving|sex-crazed|three-legged) (kittens|weasels|badgers|bunnies|hamsters|dairy cows|oxen|goats|platypuses|ostriches). And keep the (cops|Cabal|NSA|FBI|KGB) off my back for the next few (hours|minutes)!
M: 2011-04-07
<reply>[ape] Monkey's Audio is a lossless audio compression format. It has limited cross-platform support (only officially supported on Windows) and its source code includes restrictive license terms. <FFmpeg> added Monkey's Audio decoding support in September 2007, playback is available in <MPlayer> since 1.0rc2. Packages for encoding to Monkey's Audio (monkeys-audio, libmac2) are available from <deb-multimedia>. See also <flac>, <ape2flac>.
M: 2013-02-03
<reply>ar9170usb is a Linux kernel driver, introduced in Linux 2.6.30, supporting draft 802.11n USB wireless LAN devices based on the Atheros AR9170 chipset. Firmware is required (ar9170.fw), ask me about <atheros firmware> to provide. This driver does not support 802.11n operation and was removed at Linux 3.0, ask me about <carl9170> for its replacement. For AR9271 and AR7010 support, ask me about <ath9k_htc>.
bdo list
M: 2012-02-29
<reply> To list all packages you have installed from <debian backports>: «aptitude search '?narrow(?version(CURRENT),?origin(Debian Backports))' --disable-columns -F%p»; apt must know about the origin repository for this to work (i.e. you have a 'deb' line for it in sources.list and 'apt-get update' has been run). To list all backported packages available for your system: «aptitude search '?origin(Debian Backports)'». See also <which repo>.
cmd: confuse (.*?)
C: 2002-12-11
($1): <reply>(Yes|No), (those|what|them|where|who|how) (are|is|was) (your|their|our|my) (pants|weasel|ferret|hamster|pineapple|gouda|gerbil|badger|mushroom|snake|bacon) (today|tomorrow|yesterday), $1? (Pants|Shirts|Trousers|Breeches|Lederhosen|Wellies) of the (Monarchy|People's Republic|Dictatorship|Republic|Democracy) of (Liechtenstein|Tahiti|Swaziland|Belarus|Mongolia|Tibet|Micronesia) with extra (cheese|herring|cream|anchovies|crabpaste|ham).
M: 2002-12-30
<reply> (1) Use private messages to the bots to reduce channel spam, but don't message people on #debian without asking permission first. Most questions should be asked on channel, so that others can benefit from the question and the answers received. (2) Always feel free to message freenode network staff. They're the people with hostnames ending in 'staff.freenode'. (3) Monosodium glutamate, a food additive (see
pci compliance
M: 2012-04-26
<reply>Auditors for Payment Card Industry (PCI) compliance often just check version numbers. Debian carefully backports security fixes so you must convince your auditor that the version number does not tell all. Check the specific CVEs they are interested in and ask me about <tracker of doom> to confirm they are fixed. Also ask me about <security backports>. You should be able to convince them their version number tests are "false positives".
M: 2010-12-23
<reply>Legacy Plug and Play (PnP) is a standard that was supposed to make adding <ISA> peripherals to a x86 system as easy as plugging them in. Its biggest contribution, causing headaches, is the removal of jumpers from many devices. The lspnp and setpnp commands (pnputils package) can be used to list Plug and Play device nodes/resources and modify Plug and Play BIOS device resources respectively.
secure boot
M: 2013-01-23
<reply>"Secure boot" is a hardware restriction feature of the <UEFI> specification. It prevents the loading of drivers / operating system loaders not signed with an accepted digital signature. While Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later releases support installation in (U)EFI mode on 64-bit PC systems (amd64), secure boot is currently not supported. See for secure boot implementation concerns.
version chasing
M: 2008-06-25
<reply> A higher version number does not mean that it's better, just newer. Debian's <stable> release might not have the latest packages, but it has packages that have been tested and bugfixed; for selected packages, you can use You should have a better reason than "newer" when considering compiling from source or using 3rd party repos. Ask me about <debian-backports>. Tell us what you're doing isn't just <sns syndrome>.
M: 2010-09-30
<reply>The Linksys WPC54G "Wireless-G Notebook Adapter" is a 802.11g CardBus device. For support of version 1 (PCI ID 14e4:4320), ask me about <b43legacy>. For version 2 (PCI ID 104c:9066), ask about <acx100>. For version 3 (PCI ID 14e4:4318), ask about <b43>. For version 4 (PCI ID 17fe:2220), ask about <ipn2220>. For version 5 (PCI ID 11ab:1faa), ask about <88w8335>. For version 7 (PCI ID 168c:001a), ask about <ath5k>. See also <WPC54GS>.
M: 2013-06-17
<reply>Many people think all that is in bash is in sh and put #!/bin/sh to start their script with bash extensions instead of #!/bin/bash. From Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" onwards, /bin/sh won't be bash but <dash>. See "checkbashisms" in the <devscripts> package -- you will need to either fix your scripts to only use real "sh" functionality (and leave them as #!/bin/sh) or change the first line to read #!/bin/bash.
M: 2013-06-06
<reply>debian/rules is the makefile used when building a .deb from source, edit it to change compilation options. Some packages use sophisticated build systems that should be documented in debian/README.source. Also remember to make a new entry in debian/changelog with "~yourname" (for a backport) or "+yourname" (for a recompile) added to the version number. See also <makefile>, <hold>, <package recompile>, <source>, <unique package version>.
M: 2009-09-03
<reply>[epoch] a fixed point in a chronology or the start of an era. For example, y2k was a 2 digit year epoch. In Unix, epoch often refers to the time from which seconds are counted; epoch was is Jan 1 1970 and we will run out of 32 bit numbers for this on Jan 18 2038 (by which time we will have hopefully all migrated to 64-bit architectures). An epoch can also be used to help manage version numbering in Debian; ask me about <version epoch>.
M: 2010-02-18
<reply>Icedove is a DFSG-free fork of Mozilla Thunderbird, a cross-platform email client, replacing Thunderbird in Debian as of 5.0 "Lenny". Debian is unable to distribute Mozilla Thunderbird as-is due to trademark restrictions, see <why icedove>. Since July 2013, Icedove in Debian <stable> is based on the Extended Support Release (ESR) branch. For help with upstream issues, ask #thunderbird on
M: 2010-02-12
<reply>IrDA is an infrared wireless communication standard. To use on Debian systems: enable infrared in BIOS (if built-in), install the irda-utils package (its init script starts irattach by default), enable infrared on the other device, "cat /proc/net/irda/discovery" / irdadump to test. To provide /dev/ircomm* devices, "modprobe ircomm-tty". See also irda-utils' README.Debian. Not for CIR, see <lirc>.
local python
M: 2016-11-21
<reply> An installation of python in /usr/local/bin/ is a great way of breaking a great many tools in Debian, which assume running "python" runs the Debian python with the installed python modules. Removing /usr/local/bin/python* should be enough to fix the problem; if you really need your own local version of system tools like python (and perl, and ...) make sure they are not on $PATH when you are performing upgrades. Ask me about <virtualenv>
M: 2010-05-31
<reply>[m68k] Motorola 680x0 CPU family. Used in old world Apple Macintosh, Amiga, Palm, old Sun workstations and various VME bus systems. Linux m68k runs on some of these, ucLinux should run on the less powerful models. As of Debian 4.0 "Etch", the m68k port is not a release architecture. #debian-68k on See also <basilisk>.
C: 2011-01-20
<reply>The NE1000/NE2000 is a line of Ethernet network cards. <ISA> variants are supported by the Linux kernel's ne driver; NE2000 diagnostics and EEPROM setup is available using ne2k-diag (nictools-nopci package), for Plug and Play versions, see also <pnp>. PCI variants are supported by the Linux kernel's ne2k-pci driver, diagnostics and EEPROM setup is available using ne2k-pci-diag (nictools-pci package).
M: 2013-10-30
<reply>PostgreSQL is a robust, mature and full-featured relational database implementing a large subset of <SQL>. Supports views, stored procedures, triggers and scripting. Packaged in Debian, read /usr/share/doc/postgresql-common/README.Debian.gz ("for the impatient"). #postgresql on See also <postgresql jessie>, <phppgadmin>, <pg readline>, <postgresql backports>.
M: 2010-05-16
<reply>r8192_pci (renamed to r8192e_pci at Linux 2.6.34) is a module produced by the rtl8192e staging driver, supporting the Realtek RTL8192E 802.11 draft-n PCIe chipset (PCI ID 10ec:8192). Enabled in Debian Linux images for x86 architectures only. Firmware is required (RTL8192E/{boot,data,main}.img), ask me about <realtek firmware> to provide. Some PCI ID 10ec:8192 devices are RTL8192SE-based, see <rtl8192se>.
skype squeeze
C: 2012-12-31
<reply>To install <skype> in Debian 6.0 "Squeeze", you need to grab the "Generic Dynamic" version of Skype (not the .deb version), unpack the tarball and then install the required libraries with apt. For amd64, you also need to manually unpack some i386 libraries into the installation directory. See ("Downloading and installing Skype on Debian") for more information.
source package
M: 2010-04-01
<reply>A source package is a set of files used to make a Debian binary <package>. The main file is the Debian source control file (<dsc>) which lists the other required files; use "dget http://.../foo.dsc" (see <devscripts>) to download the dsc and all referenced files. There is also a <tarball> and (usually) patches in <diff.gz> or <debsrc3.0> format. The dsc contains checksums and is cryptographically signed by the uploader. <policy><nmg>
M: 2013-03-07
<reply>The sun-java6 source package (providing sun-java6-jre, sun-java6-jdk etc) was removed from Debian after the 6.0 "Squeeze" release. Oracle does not permit Debian to distribute newer versions of Oracle Java 6 or 7 (see bug #646524). Instead, use <openjdk> which is the reference implementation of Java for Debian 7 "Wheezy" onwards. Alternatively, use <java-package> to create packages containing Oracle Java:
M: 2011-06-01
<reply>U3 was a joint venture between SanDisk and M-Systems, producing a proprietary method of launching Microsoft Windows applications from a USB flash drive. U3 "smart drives" differ from traditional flash drives, as they come with the (Windows only) U3 Launchpad preinstalled and appear as a virtual CD-ROM drive. To replace the CD image, change its size or uninstall entirely, use the u3-tool utility (u3-tool package).
C: 2011-02-16
<reply>VDPAU (Video Decode and Presentation API for Unix) is an <API> and open source library, providing accelerated video playback by offloading video decoding/post-processing to the <GPU>. The Nvidia VDPAU driver is packaged for Debian, the <nvidia> proprietary driver is required for its use. VDPAU is supported on the GeForce 8 series and later, excluding G80-based 8800 devices. For AMD Radeon support, ask me about <uvd>. See also <vaapi>.
version epoch
M: 2009-09-03
<reply> The version number of a package has a prepended number called the "epoch". It is only added when the system for upstream version numbers changes. Example: in sarge, X was version 6.8 but in etch it was 1.1 (xfree86->xorg). But 1 < 6, so we add an epoch "2:" to signify that everything with 2: is newer (if there is no : the epoch is assumed to be "0"). See section 5.6.12 of <policy> or ask me about <compare versions><debian revision>.
cmd: gnaw (.*?)
C: 2002-09-17
($nick): <action> gnaws on $nick's toe|<action> gnaws on $nick's ankle|<action> gnaws on $nick's knee|<action> gnaws on $nick's hip|<action> gnaws on $nick's abdomen|<action> gnaws on $nick's armpit|<action> gnaws on $nick's shoulder|<action> gnaws on $nick's elbow|<action> gnaws on $nick's hand|<action> gnaws on $nick's fingers|<action> gnaws on $nick's neck|<action> gnaws on $nick's chin|<action> gnaws on $nick's nose|<action> gnaws on $nick'
C: 2002-09-08
In my estimation, the most commonly used package management commands (and, therefore, worth writing down) are: "apt-get update" (run before installing packages...but don't accidentally type "apt-get upgrade" or you will get a surprise), "apt-cache search <searchitem>", "apt-get install <packagename>", "apt-cache show <packagename>", "dpkg -i <filetoinstall.deb>", "dpkg --list | grep <searchterm>", "apt-get remove <package>", "apt-get remove -
fglrx legacy dkms
M: 2013-06-08
<reply>For Debian 7 "Wheezy" systems. Ask me about <wheezy-backports> (also include contrib and non-free). «aptitude update && aptitude install linux-headers-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` && aptitude -r -t wheezy-backports install fglrx-legacy-driver && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "fglrx"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-fglrx.conf». Restart to enable <radeon> blacklist.
M: 2004-05-06
(GURU Understands Real Unix) or an expert, especially in "{Unix} guru". Implies not only {wizard} skill but also a history of being a knowledge resource for others. Less often, used (with a qualifier) for other experts on other systems, as in "VMS guru". or what meditates inside Amigas. or it's pointless to ask for a guru in a knowledge field because people being humble, nobody will answer your question. "GUide to Ram Upgrades for (old) Macs"
M: 2013-05-16
<reply>Poulsbo is the codename of Intel's first System Controller Hub, found in several <netbooks>. Its GMA 500 graphics core is not supported by the intel Xorg driver (RFP xserver-xorg-video-psb, bug #533450). A 2D <KMS> framebuffer driver (gma500_gfx, formerly psb_gfx) was introduced at Linux 2.6.39.
sarge pool 4
M: 2005-04-01
<reply>! Rydekull=2005-06-07 bodq=2005-06-10 Gnea=2005-08-01 Badman=2005-09-15 LSorensen=2005-07-01 Phleg=2005-05-11 TBBle=2005-06-30 GooZ=2099-12-31 RolandU=2005-07-01 alejandro=2005-06-15 Joris=2005-04-07 DavidS=2005-06-30 dob=2005-03-15 RememberPOL=2005-02-16 dan2=2005-04-15 blk=2005-02-12 marinos=2005-04-31 SquareRt=2005-05-15 zumbi=2005-06-23 Anthro=2005-02-07 Amaranth=2005-01-20 jon787=1901-12-13 ricky_clarkson=2005-11-06 cheal=2005-05-13
M: 2010-03-23
<reply>screen is a terminal multiplexor, allowing you to have n terminals and easily switch between them, add key bindings, scroll back, copy/paste and lets you resume all your sessions if your terminal dies or are disconnected. See /usr/share/doc/screen/README.Debian and ask about <screen tutorial>, <byobu>. See to keep ctrl-a unbroken. #screen on
M: 2008-06-12
<reply>xhost is EVIL! There are so many other ways of getting remote X apps to work that xhost should never be needed. For a more sensible approach, use SSH X11 forwarding, ask me about <sshx>. Also see <mit-magic-cookie>,<nolisten> and "apt-cache show x11-xserver-utils | grep xhost". To run applications on your local machine as another user, see <root x>. See also <xhost +localhost>.
M: 2010-04-17
<reply>A BNC (Bayonet Neill-Concelman) connector is a RF coaxial cable jack type, used for some video connections and RG58, cheapernet, connections. A BNC connector has a bayonet-type shell with two small knobs on the female connector which lock into spiral slots in the male connector when it is twisted on. Used for old workstation monitors. Also an IRC session bouncing proxy (BNC is an abbreviation of bouncer), see <irssi>, <sbnc> and znc.
M: 2010-02-17
<reply>Dropbear is a <SSH> 2 server and client, designed to be small enough for use in low-memory embedded environments, while still being functional and secure for general use. It does not have TUN/TAP support. Does not set <locale> (Debian bug #533525). Install the suggested openssh-client program to provide ssh and scp binaries. Read /usr/share/doc/dropbear/README.Debian after installation.
C: 2003-07-24
<reply>An editor something used to edit (create, modify, remove stuff from) files. There are both text editors and binary editors. <vi> and <emacs> (or flavors of same) are the standard *nix editors, though beginners may find <nano>, <gedit>, <nedit>, etc more useful. The main difference between an editor and a word processor is that editors _just_ do plain text. To change the default editor, execute: 'update-alternatives --config editor'.
M: 2016-04-28
<reply> 1) Read the /topic, the FAQ, and google before asking us. 2) Don't ask to ask, just ask. 3) Don't repeat; show that you have tried to help yourself by refining the question. 4) Reading documentation (man/info pages, READMEs) is a worthwhile skill, practice it. 5) Use /msg to talk to the bots (not the people), see <msg>. 6) Be polite and patient. 7) Paste into a <pastebin>, not here. 8) No trolls or spam. 9) see <code of conduct>
M: 2001-11-24
<reply>[lisp] Let's Include Some Parentheses or a LISt Processor or want to learn lisp? Go to or <lithp> or at, or loads of innovative semantic paradigms Let's Instinctively Slotski Parallel.. Lisp Is Super Powerful, or a speach impediment. Lisp beats the competition, read: Lots of Insidious, Silly Parentheses
mozilla foundation
M: 2006-03-30
<reply>Mozilla Foundation is a non-profit organization that exists to support and provide leadership for the open source Mozilla project. The organization sets the policies that govern development, operates key infrastructure and controls trademarks and other intellectual property. It owns a taxable subsidiary called the Mozilla Corporation, which employs several Mozilla developers who in turn work on releases of the Firefox and Thunderbird.
mysql utf8
C: 2007-09-05
<reply> You need to have an end-to-end utf-8 workflow. (a) the client must use utf-8 (accept-charset='utf-8') (b) mysql connection must be in utf-8 (edit my.cnf or SET NAMES 'utf8') (c) the database columns must be in utf-8 (check this with phpmyadmin or the cli tools) (d) set the encoding on generated pages to utf-8 (xml, meta or http header) (e) your browser must use a decent font. more detail see:
M: 2010-09-28
<reply>netxen_nic is an in-tree Linux driver supporting QLogic (formerly NetXen) Ethernet controllers, found in HP <ProLiant> systems. Poor network performance is experienced with old firmware and later driver versions; use updated firmware to correct. Support for loading unified firmware from userspace was added in linux-2.6 2.6.32-22. Unified firmware (phanfw.bin) is packaged for Debian as firmware-netxen, ask me about <non-free sources>.
public key not available
M: 2013-06-28
<reply>Seeing "There are no public keys available"? This means that the Release file has been signed by a key which you do not have. If it's signed by another key which you do have, you can ignore the warning. Otherwise, you can add the key listed *AFTER* checking the validity of the signatures on the key. Packaged keys for Debian repositories are in debian-archive-keyring. The current key is also at
M: 2011-05-17
<reply>The Realtek RTL8111D/RTL8168D Ethernet controller is supported by <r8169> since Linux 2.6.31. Firmware patches (rtl8168d-1.fw, rtl8168d-2.fw) for use with linux-2.6 2.6.32-20 and later are packaged since firmware-nonfree 0.28, ask me about <realtek firmware>. These provide a bug fix for the controller (gigabit operation with a wider variety of cables and link partners); in many cases, the controller and driver will work without these.
start a music war
C: 2001-07-07
<reply> (Depeche Mode|Orbital|Metallica|Limp Bizkit|Rothko|NIN|Massive Attack|Hendrix|Bad Religion|Godsmack|Counting Crows|Linkin Park|Blues Traveler|Fatboy Slim|Foo Fighters after 1998|Green Day|Guns 'n Roses|Tool|Autechre|Aphex Twin|Squarepusher|Hole|Backdoor Boys|They Might Be Giants|Britney Spears|Nirvana|Led Zeppelin|The Who|Deep Purple|Yes|A Perfect Circle|Pink Floyd|Rush|Dream Theater|Dave Matthews Band|N*Sync) (blows|0wnz|rocks|sucks)!
start a nic war
C: 2002-07-01
<reply>(Did you know |Fact: |Now hear this! |If it's one thing I'll get into your head, it's that |You'd be dumb if you thought |Only an MCSE would say |If you so smart, why does my |)(Realtek 8139|3com 905|3com 590|3com Copper Gigabit Server NIC|Intel EtherExpress Pro 100|Intel PRO/100|NE2000|3com 3c509|DEC Tulip|Intel Tulip|Linksys LNE100TX|Netgear FA310TX|Netgear FA311TX|PNIC-II|Asante EN/SC-10T)s (rule|suck|suxx0r|blow|rock|0wn)(?|!|...|.)
M: 2002-01-24
a fast (66/100 MB/s burst) standard for DMA transfers, mostly used by modern harddisks. The standard is also called UATA, ATA/66 and ATA/100. To get it working with 2.2 kernels, you'll need a kernel patch, recent 2.3 and 2.4-test kernels have support built in. A howto can be found at, or UDMA 133 is the new standard for harddisks bigger than 137GB. its using now 48bit LBA instead of 32bit LBA
window manager
M: 2009-06-15
<reply>A window manager is a special application class which decorates and manages windows for the X server. To list available window managers in your system, run «apt-cache showpkg x-window-manager». Not to be confused with a desktop environment such as <GNOME> or <KDE>. To set your system-wide default window manager, use «update-alternatives --config x-window-manager». For a guide to available window managers, see
M: 2009-05-30
<reply> XFS is a filesystem developed by SGI for high-performance (metadata-only) journalling and large disk support. Zeroed files on power failures is fixed since Linux 2.6.17 ( Supposedly not as mature, in linux, as <ext3>. Unable to be shrunk. Broken on armel and hppa prior to Linux 2.6.34 (Debian bug #423562). #xfs on
C: 2003-12-16
a Hacker/Cracker... beware of especially and indeed * He Compromised my machine with a root-kit exploiting an old copy of OpenSSH. 'chkrootkit -q' (chkrootkit package) detected it (look for files in /lib/pd/*) I had to wipe and reinstall from backup. He or They are now launching a massive attack against my ISP. DNS Spoofing. Be careful with them... I helped him (zimnyx) [taught how to use dse
M: 2011-10-08
<reply>Debian 6.0.3 was released on October 8th, 2011. This point release corrects some serious bugs and copies security updates across to the main archive. Support for additional networking hardware (e.g. Broadcom BCM57765 and BCM57785, Intel 82576 ET2 and 82579, Realtek RTL8105E) is introduced. . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
M: 2008-06-11
<reply> debian-devel-announce is an announcement list to which major Debian developments are posted. If you are running releases beyond <stable>, then YOU are part of the development process; it is your responsibility to read it (no excuses!) or risk missing important announcements. "mailx -s 'subscribe' < /dev/null" or See also <apt-listchanges>.
M: 2013-10-01
<reply>The D-Link DWA-160 "Xtreme N Dual Band USB Adapter" is an 802.11n device. For revision A1 (USB ID 07d1:3c10) and A2 (USB ID 07d1:3a09) support, ask me about <carl9170>. For revision B1 (USB ID 07d1:3c11) support, ask about <rt2800usb>. Revision B2 (USB ID 2001:3c1a, Ralink RT5572 chip) is supported by <rt2800usb> since Linux 3.10; Debian 7 "Wheezy" users, ask me about <bdo kernel> and install firmware-ralink from <wheezy-backports>.
M: 2009-04-07
<reply>[ftpd] A daemon that speaks <FTP>. The following choices are available on Debian: ftpd, the *BSD daemon (good, robust piece of software without anything shiny on it); <wu-ftpd> (a high-performance, multi-homing and anon-only capable daemon that has caused traffic on bugtraq); <proftpd>, which is somewhere in between; and <pure-ftpd>, which features optionally chrooted home directories, virtual domains, ratios, etc. See also <vsftpd>.
M: 2001-02-02
a removable storage device that looks almost exactally like a standard 3.5" disk drive. Although unlike a standard 3.5" drive a LS120 can read/write 120MB disks as well as standard 1.44MB floppies. It is an ATAPI device and is AFAIK suppored by Linux (Zip drives are ATAPI and they are supported so why wouldn't these).. FAQ at, or
nvidia dkms squeeze-backports
M: 2013-06-03
<reply>For Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" users. Ask me about <squeeze-backports> (also include contrib and non-free). «aptitude install linux-headers-2.6-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'` && aptitude -r -t squeeze-backports nvidia-kernel-dkms && mkdir /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d ; echo -e 'Section "Device"\n\tIdentifier "My GPU"\n\tDriver "nvidia"\nEndSection' > /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf». Restart your system to enable the <nouveau> blacklist.
M: 2014-04-17
<reply> Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" was released on 2011-02-06 and is the oldoldstable release: . Security support for Squeeze ended on 2014-05-31, but ask me about <squeeze-lts>. Squeeze is the three-eyed space alien. See ; ask me about <install squeeze><squeeze release notes><lenny->squeeze>. Currently <6.0.10>. Not to be confused with the <Xfce> archive manager.
M: 2010-05-14
<reply>[unionfs] A stackable "unification filesystem" combines several directories to provide a merged single directory. Used in Live CD / diskless systems, where the read-only root directory is joined with a writable tmpfs filesystem. For a kernel-space implementation, ask me about <aufs>. For user-space implementations, ask me about <unionfs-fuse>, <funionfs>. "Unionfs for Linux" was removed from Debian post-Etch to resolve bug #515958.
virtual package
M: 2005-10-05
<reply>A virtual package doesn't really exist, but represents a function which several real packages fulfill, which appears in the Provides control file field of another package. The effect is as if the package(s) providing a particular virtual package name had been listed by name everywhere the virtual package name appears. To determine what provides a foo virtual package, use "aptitude search '~Ppackagename'" or "/msg judd rprovides foo".
wheezy pool 1
C: 2011-02-05
<reply> ! blubberdiblub=2013-04-07 lisandro=2013-04-26 enrico=2013-03-25 madamezou=2013-04-01 Synrg=2013-04-26 shirish=2013-05-15 LtL=2013-05-21 rizlah=2013-01-02 bolt=2013-04-01 TCW=2013-02-17 babilen=2013-05-04 cousin_luigi=2013-01-14 tremon=2013-01-26 jelly=2013-05-07 comps=2013-02-20 ml|=2013-06-13 chealer=2012-12-20 jordanm=2013-08-21 peterrooney=2013-02-08 Arrowmaster=2012-12-12 simonrvn=2013-03-23 themill=2013-03-15 abrotman=2013-06-01
M: 2009-04-13
<reply>Debian GNU/Linux 5.0.1 was released on April 11th, 2009. This is the first update of <lenny> and the first point release to use a micro version number (i.e. 5.0.1 instead of 5.0r1). This update corrects security problems within the <oldstable> release, along with adjustments for serious problems. . To upgrade, ask me about <point release>.
C: 2002-03-14
a tool for Arabizing Un*x console.Akka allows you to read,write in Arabic in your text console using any existing software without any change, It originated in Acon which it heavily reworked, adding many features among which screen filters, perl configuration, enhanced console tools support or WYSIWYG monodirectional modes, Acon having evolved and little being left of the original software, it was renamed as a tribute to the old city of Akka
M: 2013-11-24
<reply>The Radeon HD 6800 series (codenamed Barts) is part of AMD's Northern Islands GPU family, these include the Radeon HD 6850 and Radeon HD 6870 video card products. This series is supported by the <radeon> and <fglrx> Xorg drivers released as part of Debian 7 "Wheezy". This series is not supported by the radeon or fglrx Xorg drivers released as part of Debian 6.0 "Squeeze". HDMI audio is supported since Linux 3.5, see <radeon audio>.
based on debian
M: 2011-10-03
<reply>Your distribution may be based on and have software in common with Debian, but it is not Debian. We don't and cannot know what changes were made by your distribution (compare #debian only supports Debian and pure <blend>s; please respect our choice to volunteer here to help Debian users. Support for other distributions is off-topic on #debian, even if your own distro's channel is clueless or non-existent.
M: 2009-11-16
<reply>To blacklist a Linux kernel module, create/edit /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf and add a line similar to this (without quotes): "blacklist module_name". If this doesn't work, do 'echo "install modulename /bin/true" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.local.conf'. IMPORTANT: ask about <blacklist-initramfs>. To blacklist a module at installation time, ask me about <installer blacklist>.
M: 2007-06-21
<reply>Bridges link two or more network segments using the same network technology. The network topologies do not have to be the same, i.e. you can bridge Ethernet and Token Ring. If the protocols are not the same on segments, then you've got a router. Bridges are used to reduce network traffic, increase cable distance (by acting as a repeater) and to link dissimilar topologies with the same network protocol. Ask me about <bridge setup>.
M: 2010-06-28
<reply>Dynamic Kernel Module Support (DKMS) is a framework for generating out-of-tree Linux kernel modules. Packages using DKMS build modules during installation and when updated Linux versions are installed, provided Linux kernel headers are present (these are not installed by dkms). DKMS-managed modules are installed to /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/updates/dkms/ . The module build log file is at /var/lib/dkms/$module/$version/build/make.log
M: 2011-10-02
<reply>The D-Link DWL-G122 is an 802.11g USB device. For support of revision A1 (USB ID 2001:3703) and revision A2 (USB ID 2001:3704), ask me about <p54>. For revision B1 (USB ID 2001:3c00), see <rt2500usb>. For revision C1 (USB ID 07d1:3c03), see <rt73usb>. Revision D1 (USB ID 07d1:3b01) has no Linux kernel driver, see <ndiswrapper>. For revision E1 (USB ID 07d1:3c0f), see <rt2800usb>. For revision F1 (USB ID 2001:3306), see <r8712u>.
finding docs
M: 2010-07-26
<reply>Documentation is available in /usr/share/doc/packagename/ (esp. the README.Debian files!), man command, apropos command, info command, apt-cache search -- "-doc$". Some packages have a -doc package (perhaps in non-free, ask me about <gcc-doc>, <gdb-doc>). Also ask me about <list docs>, <debian system>, <debwiki>, <search>.
M: 2008-08-13
a high-level programming language, a bit more advanced than BASIC, but not quite as complex as C. This language refuses to die because it is so huge in the scientific research community. It's not a tough language to learn and it's fairly powerful. About 60% of scientific programming is done in Fortran. the oldest programming language still in use. You can write fortran in any language...
M: 2007-01-31
<reply>[games] Some cool multiplayer games: koth, netris, <quake>, xevil, bzflag, <netrek>, the only piece of software that is allowed to be non-free, because they are more like an art form than a program, #gametome ( for newer games.,, jumpnbump, supertux, gtetrinet and pathogen, <nethack>, freeciv, dopewars, <uqm>, <scummvm>,
hardware problem
C: 2008-11-05
tackled by considering memtest86, overheating (from thermal paste, fan failure (cpu, main, smps, GPU), voltage levels (external power, SMPS power), badly seated boards, binary blobs, sysrq, disconnecting MS windows related stuff, watching application usage, RAM + swap, using top/htop, ps, pstree, vmstat, free, dmesg, logs, debug levels, stop using one app (never let it load) for a while then stress system (compile a kernel) and see if it occ
M: 2009-12-06
<reply>LaTeX (pronounced la tech) is a set of macros for the TeX document formatting system to produce beautiful documents. Read "The Not-So-Short Guide to LaTeX": or see . Install the texlive package for an extensive installation; "aptitude search latex" for more. #latex on
modinfo pci alias
C: 2008-11-18
<reply> Run lspci -nn, /query dpkg - type "pciid " (no quotes) + paste the *ONE* line of the device you want to grep /lib/modules/*/modules.alias for (must contain "pciid [vvvv:dddd]" at a minimum). dpkg will reply in kind with a short one liner for the shell. Eg, /query dpkg pciid 3Com Corporation 3c905B 100BaseTX [Cyclone] [10b7:9055] will reveal 3c59x after running the provided one liner. Now you can modinfo 3c59x, or modprobe 3c59x.
C: 1970-01-01
(Original Equipment Manufacturer) This acronym is used to denote equipment that is sold to other companies or resellers for integration into systems. For example, a hard drive manufacturer may sell an OEM hard drive in bulk quantities and no manual or cables with the promise that it will go into full systems, or maybe external enclosures, and be resold. What often happens is that you can pick up OEM products at computer shows for low prices.
M: 2012-02-12
<reply>A transition occurs when changes in a package require alterations to several other packages which depend on it. To do this, many packages using the package are updated, either being recompiled or updated to a new version; packages blocking a transition might be removed from <testing> so it can complete. Transitions can become very large and complex, involving tens or even hundreds of packages.
M: 2010-11-19
<reply>When hand-compiling software, *always* create a new directory under /usr/local, then install into it. For example: mkdir -p /usr/local/mypackage; ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mypackage. Otherwise, it can overwrite files which should be protected by apt, which can break apt, or apt can break this application's files because it doesn't know about them. See also: <equivs>, <FHS>, </opt>, <checkinstall>, <stow>, <make your own .deb>
M: 2011-05-16
<reply>vzquota is an <init script> for <openvz> environments. Old versions of that script from lenny (or earlier) with squeeze give errors like "insserv: Starting vzquota depends on single and therefore on system facility `$all' which can not be true!" and installation of packages will fail. Contact your VPS provider for an up-to-date version of that script, or ask me about <missing lsb tags> if you want to have a go at fixing it yourself.
aptitude clone
M: 2013-08-12
<reply> To clone a Debian machine using aptitude (or install your favourite packages) use aptitude search --disable-columns -F%p '~i!~M!~v' > package_list; on the reference machine; xargs aptitude --schedule-only install < package_list; aptitude install; on the other machine. This preserves information about "automatically installed" packages that other methods do not. See also <reinstall>, <things to backup>, <debian clone>, <apt-clone>.
bdo kernel wheezy
M: 2013-06-22
<reply>A later kernel for Debian 7 "Wheezy" is available from the "wheezy-backports" repository. Ask me about <wheezy-backports> to modify your sources.list, then run «aptitude update». To install the current backported kernel: «aptitude -t wheezy-backports install linux-image-`uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,'`». To list available backported kernel image packages: «aptitude search '?narrow(~nlinux-image,?origin(Debian Backports))'».
C: 2004-12-28
a holiday in the Christian calendar, observed in most of the Western world on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. According to the Christian gospels, Jesus was born to Mary in Bethlehem, where she and her husband Joseph had travelled to register in the Roman census. Christ's birth, or nativity, was said by his followers to fulfill the prophecies of Judaism that a messiah would come, from the house of David, to redeem from sin.
M: 2012-02-12
<reply>A conffile is a configuration file that is given special handling by dpkg to help preserve local changes; conffiles are listed in /var/lib/dpkg/info/$pkg.conffiles or by "dpkg --status $package". See Debian <policy> §10.7 ( for more information. Some packages use <ucf> as alternative way of managing config files. See also <confmiss>, <confnew>, <conffile check>.
M: 2010-02-10
<reply>Fetchmail is <ESR>'s pet POP/IMAP client. It fetches mail from the server then hands it over to the local MDA, or a tool that can use ESMTP ETRN extension. Most frequently broken by not having a working MTA on the local machine, most frequently fixed by reading its manpage. . ##fetchmail on See also <getmail>, <mpop>.
M: 2012-08-08
<reply>fglrx / AMD Catalyst is the proprietary display driver for AMD Radeon R9 200 series, Radeon R7 200 series, Radeon HD 8000/7000/6000/5000 and FirePro graphic processing units. To install fglrx, see or ask me about <fglrx dkms>. This driver is incompatible with the GNOME desktop of Debian 8 "Jessie" due to lack of EGL support (ref. §5.11 <jessie release notes>), use the <radeon> driver instead.
M: 2009-08-04
<reply>[frankenbuntu] a MONSTER that no-one in #debian will want to help you with. Mixing packages between different Debian releases is prone to disaster, mixing packages between different distributions (such as Debian and Ubuntu) is worse. Don't do it. And if you do, make sure you tell people who are helping you resolve dependency issues in the future that you did this! Ask me about <bobbitt>.
M: 2010-01-04
<reply>[initrd] Initial ramdisk, or god's way of punishing you for using a pre-built kernel image... and you WILL HAVE TO INCLUDE AN INITRD STATEMENT IN YOUR BOOTLOADER (hint, hint). Typically if you can't find your root filesystem, this is your problem, see <can't mount root>. A great system for those who understand modules or need/want root in LVM and/or md RAID. . See also <initramfs>, <kp mantra>.
lsb fancy
M: 2014-10-12
<reply>lsb 4.1+Debian1 (Debian 7 "Wheezy" and later) introduced a "fancy output" block prepended to daemon status messages (e.g. [...] Starting/stopping long daemon name: daemond daemon2d), displaying a green [ ok ], a yellow [warn] or a red [FAIL] depending on the daemon exit status. This can be disabled by defining FANCYTTY=0 in new file /etc/ For systemd, set "LogColor=no, ShowStatus=no" in /etc/systemd/system.conf.
C: 2011-11-14
<reply>Lustre is a distributed file system for Linux, generally used in cluster computing. Lustre servers require a patched Linux kernel, see linux-patch-lustre's README.Debian. Lustre servers and clients require a lustre-modules-* package to be built/installed using <module-assistant> ("m-a a-i lustre"). Userspace utilities are packaged in lustre-utils. #lustre on
M: 2013-01-21
<reply>MAME (Multiple Arcade Machine Emulator) is an emulator of arcade game system hardware. XMAME (X11 port for Unix-like systems) is packaged for Debian 6.0 "Squeeze" as xmame-{sdl,svga,tools,x}, ask me about <non-free sources>; it was removed post-Squeeze to resolve bug #612531. SDLMAME (XMAME's official replacement) is packaged for Debian 7 "Wheezy" as mame and mame-tools, ask me about <non-free sources>.
C: 2012-07-28
<reply>Packages usually (bad sadly not always) contain a file "md5sums" that contain the md5sums of all files within the package; they are stored in /var/lib/dpkg/info/package.md5sums when the package is installed. You can use <debsums> to check these hashes for installed packages. The md5sums are *not* used for preventing malicious file changes; the Packages file contains SHA1 and SHA256 sums for this purpose (ask me about <secure apt>).
C: 2002-05-05
<reply> Modified Frequency Modulation (MFM) is a method of recording digital data on magnetic media. In the olden days of sub-100 Megabyte hard drives, most used MFM to record the data onto the disks. MFM used a set of rules that specified the way data was represented as magnetic flux changes. These rules were used to pack as many bits of data in the smallest amount of media area. MFM was self-clocking, and the controller was able to sync a
C: 2001-01-02
a noble and heroic warrior, the symbol of all that is right and true in the world. As such, he has high ideals that he must maintain at all times. Throughout legend and history there are many heroes who could be called paladins: Roland and the 12 Peers of Charlemagne, Sir Lancelot, Sir Gawain, and Sir Galahad are all examples of the class. However, many brave and heroic soldiers have tried and failed to live up to the ideals of the paladin.
prism firmware
M: 2011-05-22
<reply>Wireless LAN devices based on Intersil Prism 2/2.5/3 802.11b chipsets have primary and secondary/station firmware stored in flash memory. To update, ask me about <hostap> and see . Prism 3 SSF (Small Serial Flash) devices have no firmware in flash and require it to be loaded from userspace, see <hostap>. See also <prism2_usb firmware>. For Prism54 (802.11g) device firmware, ask about <p54>.
C: 2006-04-04
<reply>[proc] On Unix-like computer systems, procfs is short for process filesystem: a pseudo-filesystem which is used to access kernel information about processes. Because /proc is not a real file system, it does not consume any storage space, and it consumes only a limited amount of memory. The filesystem is often mounted at /proc. It is supported under Solaris, BSD and Linux, and the latter also extends it to non-process-related data.
sing sid
C: 2004-08-24
<reply> (Tune=Led Zep, Your Time Is Gonna Come): Askin' stupid questions, that's all you seem to do. / Messin' around with every new thing in town, / Puttin' Sarge down, thinkin' it ain't new. / Always the same, playin' your game, / Drive #debian insane, trouble's gonna come to you, / One of these days and it won't be long, / You'll look for Sid but baby, he'll be b0rk3n... / This is all I gotta say to you, newbie: / YOUR TIME IS GONNA COME
C: 1970-01-01
Also known as a Web crawler, a robot, Web spider, or sometimes a worm. A program that runs on the Internet, goes out to an URL (Web page), and requests all links that are referred to on that page. Robots learn as they go, building a database of links. They index based on meta tags in the HTML or the title, or just about anything else you can imagine. Usually, they come from search engines and are designed to keep the search engines current.
M: 2009-06-25
<reply>UTF-8 is way of encoding multibyte characters from the Universal Character Set (Unicode/ISO10646). UTF-8 is a superset of US-ASCII but can represent all of unicode. By default, Debian will use a UTF-8 locale for you, but ask me about <locales> and <localised errors>